This paper investigates three constructions in Mandarin, all of which convey a purposive/teleological meaning, including the lai purposive, the hao purposive, and the bare purposive. Despite the fact that each type of purposive clause in Mandarin occurs at the right edge of a sentence, it is argued that none of the purposive clause is a genuine right adjunct in the underlying syntactic structure. On the other hand, our analysis shows that the lai purposive employs complementation of a secondary predicate, the hao purposive involves conjunction of two clauses, and the bare purposive should be analyzed as left adjunction that is stranded in the right edge after verb movement. The evidence for our analysis is drawn from subject and object gaps, the ba-construction in Mandarin, agentivity, and linear ordering of multiple purposive clauses. This work thus demonstrates representative cases where a structure that appears to involve right adjunction may in fact employ no right adjunction at all. The conclusion is thus consistent with the prediction of Linear Correspondence Axiom (LCA).
Aoun, Joseph & Yen-hui Audrey Li. 2008. Ellipsis and missing objects. In Carlos P. Otero Robert Freidin & Maria Luisa Zubizarreta (eds.), Foundational issues in linguistic theory, 251–274. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Aoun, Joseph & Yen-hui Audrey Li. 2008. Ellipsis and missing objects. In Carlos P. Otero Robert Freidin & Maria Luisa Zubizarreta (eds.), Foundational issues in linguistic theory, 251–274. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0011)| false
Linguistics publishes articles and book reviews in the traditional disciplines of linguistics as well as in neighboring disciplines insofar as these are deemed to be of interest to linguists and other students of natural language. The journal also features occasional Special Issues in these fields.