Powers, Double Prevention and Mental Causation

Kim Davies 1
  • 1 Durham University (Honorary Fellow in Philosophy), 48 Kirkwood Drive, Durham, DH1 4FF, UK
Kim Davies


S. C. Gibb holds that some mental events enable physical events to take place by acting as ‘double preventers’ which prevent other mental events from effecting change in the physical domain. She argues that this enables a dualist account of psychophysical interaction consistent with the causal relevance of mental events, their distinctness from physical events, the causal closure of the physical and the exclusion of systematic overdetermination. While accepting the causal powers metaphysic, this paper argues that: Closure is maintained only on the assumption of an implausible pre-ordained harmony between preventing and double-preventing mental events. Distinctness is preserved only at the cost of positing brute unexplained powers of mental and physical events to causally interact with each other. Exclusion is systematically violated in a substantial number of everyday cases. The case for Relevance made by the Double Prevention model is accordingly too weak to sustain a dualist approach to mental causation.

  • Davies, K. 2014. “Emergence from What? A Transcendental Understanding of the Place of Consciousness.” Journal of Consciousness Studies 21(5–6):10–32.

  • Gibb, S. 2013. “Mental Causation and Double Prevention.” In Mental Causation and Ontology, edited by S. Gibb, E. J. Lowe and R. Ingthorsson, 193–214. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Gibb, S. 2014. “Mental Causation.” Analysis Reviews 74:327–38.

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Metaphysica provides an international forum of ontology and metaphysics for readers all over the world. The journal is published biannually.