Filler modified by a sequential encapsulation and preflocculation method and its effect on paper properties

Nannan Chen 1 , 2 , Lijun Wang 1 , 2 , Junchao Wen 1 , 2 , Xianping Yao 1 , 2 ,  and Wenyan Zhao 1 , 2
  • 1 Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, China
  • 2 National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, China
Nannan Chen
  • Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, 311305, China
  • National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, 311305, China
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, Lijun Wang
  • Corresponding author
  • Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, 311305, China
  • National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, 311305, China
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, Junchao Wen
  • Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, 311305, China
  • National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, 311305, China
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, Xianping Yao
  • Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, 311305, China
  • National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, 311305, China
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and Wenyan Zhao
  • Zhejiang Hanghua New Materials Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, 311305, China
  • National Engineering & Technology Research Center for Paper Chemicals, Hangzhou, 311305, China
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Abstract

Increasing the filler content of sheet tends to decrease filler retention and paper strength properties. To overcome this problem and make better use of fillers, development of new methods on filler modification has never been stopped. In this study, filler modification was carried out by sequentially adding an anionic polyacrylamide, a cationic starch and a cationic polyacrylamide. It is believed that in this process, multiple polyelectrolyte complexes are formed which can not only encapsulate filler particles but also preflocculate the particles. The results showed that, compared to the single preflocculation treatment, the sequential encapsulation and preflocculation (SEP) treatment brought significantly larger particle size and higher surface charge potential of the filler, thus higher filler retention was achieved. When the modified fillers were used for papermaking and paper ash contents were controlled at the same level, the SEP modification was better in improving the tensile index, internal bond strength and tearing index of paper than the single preflocculation method, in addition, it maintained better paper formation, caused insignificant change on opacity of paper. It is believed that this newly developed SEP method is worthy of being applied to industrial scales in making various grades of filled paper.

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Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal is a peer-reviewed, international scientific journal covering to-date science and technology research in the areas of wood-based biomass: Pulp and paper: products and processes; wood constituents: characterization and nanotechnologies; bio-refining, recovery and energy issues; utilization of side-streams from pulping processes; and novel fibre-based, sustainable and smart materials.

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