1 Departamento de Química, Módulo 13, Facultad de Ciencias and Institute of Advanced Chemical Sciences (IadChem), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Excelencia UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Departamento de Química, Módulo 13, Facultad de Ciencias and Institute of Advanced Chemical Sciences (IadChem), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Excelencia UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
In this short review, different phenomena that are triggered by the interaction of different compounds or clusters of compounds with electron-deficient systems, in particular beryllium and boron compounds, have been discussed in some detail. Particular attention was devoted to the huge acidity enhancements that can be induced through the interaction of conventional bases with B or Be containing compounds, which change these conventional bases in extremely strong proton donors. We have paid also attention to the cooperativity between Be bonds with other weak interactions, which results in a substantial increase of their strength, that can lead in some specific cases to the spontaneous formation of ion-pairs in the gas phase. Finally, the behavior of different Be derivatives as electron and anion sponges is discussed as well as the conditions needed to have clusters exhibiting rather strong Be–Be bonds, even though the Be–Be interaction in Be2 dimer is extremely weak. Finally, some attention was paid to systems with extremely short Be–Be distances but without a bond.
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