Palladium nanoparticles supported on nitrogen doped porous carbon material derived from cyclodextrin, glucose and melamine based polymer: promising catalysts for hydrogenation reactions

Samahe Sadjadi 1 , Masoumeh Malmir 2 , Bastien Légerhttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2411-1162 3 , Eric Monflierhttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5865-0979 3 ,  and Majid M. Heravi 2
  • 1 Gas Conversion Department, Faculty of Petrochemicals, Iran Polymer and Petrochemicals Institute, PO Box 14975-112, Tehran, Iran
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Alzahra University, PO Box 1993891176, Vanak, Tehran, Iran
  • 3 Université Artois, CNRS, Centrale Lille, ENSCL, Univ. Lille, UMR 8181, Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide (UCCS), F-62300 Lens, France
Samahe Sadjadi
  • Corresponding author
  • Gas Conversion Department, Faculty of Petrochemicals, Iran Polymer and Petrochemicals Institute, PO Box 14975-112, Tehran, Iran
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, Masoumeh Malmir
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Alzahra University, PO Box 1993891176, Vanak, Tehran, Iran
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, Bastien LégerORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2411-1162, Eric MonflierORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5865-0979 and Majid M. Heravi
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Alzahra University, PO Box 1993891176, Vanak, Tehran, Iran
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar

Abstract

Melamine based polymer (MT) was prepared and then reacted with a mixture of glucose (Glu) and β-cyclodextrin (CD) under hydrothermal conditions to afford, MT/Glu-CD. Then, the adsorption of Pd salt was realized on MT/Glu-CD. The resulting compound was subsequently carbonized to furnish Pd/MT/C that exhibited high catalytic activity for the hydrogenation of nitroarenes in aqueous media. To elucidate the roles of CD, Glu, the molar ratio of Glu:CD and the carbonization in the catalytic activity, several control catalysts have been prepared and their performances for a model hydrogenation reaction were compared with that of Pd/MT/C. The results confirmed the importance of the carbonization as well as the presence of CD for achieving high catalytic activity. Moreover, it was found that the molar ratio of Glu:CD could affect the catalytic activity of the final catalyst and the optimum molar ratio of Glu:CD was 30:70. The recycling test as well as measurement of Pd leaching demonstrated high recyclability and low Pd leaching of Pd/MT/C.

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