Integral measurement of spectrum-averaged cross sections of a few threshold reactions induced by fast neutrons of a TRIGA reactor: comparison with integrated data from excitation functions given in various data libraries

Md. Shuza Uddin 1 , K. A. Rafee 2 , S. M. Hossain 1 , R. Khan 1 ,  and S. M. Qaim 3
  • 1 Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (INST), Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, GPO Box-3787, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • 2 Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 3 Institut für Neurowissenschaften und Medizin, INM-5: Nuklearchemie, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, Germany
Md. Shuza Uddin
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (INST), Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, GPO Box-3787, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, K. A. Rafee, S. M. Hossain
  • Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (INST), Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, GPO Box-3787, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, R. Khan
  • Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (INST), Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, GPO Box-3787, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
and S. M. Qaim
  • Institut für Neurowissenschaften und Medizin, INM-5: Nuklearchemie, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, Germany
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar

Abstract

Integral cross sections of the reactions 24Mg(n,p)24Na, 27Al(n,p)27Mg, 27Al(n,α)24Na, 58Ni(n,d + np)57Co and 60Ni(n,p)60Co were measured for the first time using the fast neutron spectrum of a TRIGA reactor extending from 0.5 to 20 MeV. The values obtained in this work were comparable with the recommended values for a pure 235U prompt fission spectrum. The measured integral value was utilized for integral test of excitation function of each reaction given in some data libraries, namely ENDF/B-VIII.0, TENDL-2017, IRDFF-1.05 and ROSFOND-2010. The integral measurements are generally consistent with the integrated values within 5 %, except for a few cases, e. g. the reaction 60Ni(n,p)60Co, where the data libraries appear to need improvement.

  • 1.

    Uddin, M. S., Sudár, S., Hossain, S. M., Khan, R., Zulquarnain, M. A., Qaim, S. M.: Fast neutron spectrum unfolding of a TRIGA Mark II reactor and measurement of spectrum-averaged cross sections: integral tests of differential cross sections of neutron threshold reactions. Radiochim. Acta 101, 613 (2013).

  • 2.

    Uddin, M. S., Zaman, M. R., Hossain, S. M., Qaim, S. M.: Radiochemical measurement of neutron–spectrum averaged cross sections for the formation of 64Cu and 67Cu via the (n,p) reaction at a TRIGA Mark-II reactor: feasibility of simultaneous production of the theragnostic pair 64Cu/67Cu. Radiochim. Acta 102, 473 (2014).

  • 3.

    IRDFF-1.05 (The International Reactor Dosimetry File), IAEA, Vienna, available at: https://www-nds.iaea.org/IRDFF/ (2014).

  • 4.

    Koning, A. J., Rochman, D.: TENDL-2017, TALYS-based Evaluated Nuclear Data Library, Release date: December 30, 2017, available at: https://tendl.web.psi.ch/tendl_2017/tendl2017.html.

  • 5.

    ENDF/B-VIII.0: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA, Database version of 20 December 2018, available at: https://www.nndc.bnl.gov/endf/ (2018).

  • 6.

    Russian File of Evaluated Neutron Data, released 2010, ROSFOND-2010, available at: http://www.ippe.ru/podr/abbn/english/libr/rosfond.php.

  • 7.

    Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion File, Version 3.1.2, released 2012, JEFF 3.1.2, available at: http://www.oecd-nea.org/dbforms/data/eva/evatapes/jeff_31/JEFF312.

  • 8.

    Shibata, K., Iwamoto, O., Nakagawa, T., Iwamoto, N., Ichihara, A., Kunieda, S., Chiba, S., Furutaka, K., Otuka, N., Ohsawa, T., Murata, T., Matsunobu, H., Zukeran, A., Kamada, S., Katakura, J.: JENDL-4.0: a new library for nuclear science and engineering. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 48(1), 1 (2011).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Chu, S. F., Ekstrom, L. P., Firestone, R. B.: The Lund/LBNL Nuclear Data Search, Version 2.0, Feb. 1999, available at: http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/.

  • 10.

    Chakraborty, A. K., Uddin, M. S., Shariff, M. A., Latif, Sk. A., Rashid, M. A, Khandaker, M. U.: Efficiency calibration of γ-ray detector for extended sources. Pramana – J. Phys. 92, 67 (2019).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Calamand, A.: Cross sections for fission neutron spectrum induced reactions. In: Handbook on nuclear activation cross sections. Technical Report No. 156, IAEA, Vienna (1974), p. 273.

  • 12.

    Paulsen, A., Liskien, H.: Excitation functions for the reactions 60Ni(n,p)60Co and 63Cu(n,α)60Co. Nukleonik 10, 91 (1967).

  • 13.

    Sudár, S., Csikai, J., Qaim, S. M., Stöcklin, G.: Neutron activation cross sections for 60Ni(n,p)60mCo, 60Ni(n,p)60m+gCo and 58Ni(n,p)58mCo reactions in the 5 to 12 MeV energy range. In: S. M. Qaim, (Ed.), International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Juelich 1991, Springer, Heidelberg (1992), p. 291.

  • 14.

    Wagner, M., Vonach, H., Haight, R. C.: Measurement of the 60Ni(n,p)60Co cross section in the neutron energy range 6–13 MeV. In: S. M. Qaim (Ed.), International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Juelich 1991, Springer, Heidelberg (1992), p. 358.

  • 15.

    Vonach, H., Wagner, M., Haight, R. C.: Neutron activation cross-sections of 58Ni and 60Ni for 8–12 MeV neutrons. Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Data Committee Reports No.259 (1990), p. 165.

  • 16.

    Iwasaki, S., Matsuyama, S., Ohkubo, T., Fukuda, H., Sakuma, M., Kitamura, M.: Measurement of activation cross-sections for several elements between 12 and 20 MeV. In: J. K. Dickens (Ed.), International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Gatlinburg 1994, American Nuclear Society, 1, 305 (1994).

  • 17.

    Ikeda, Y., Konno, C., Oishi, K., Nakamura, T.: Activation cross section measurements for fusion reactor structural materials at neutron energy from 13.3 to 15.0 MeV using FNS facility. JAERI Reports No.1312 (1988).

  • 18.

    Viennot, M., AitHaddou, A., Chiadli, A., Paic, G.: Excitation functions of (n,p) reactions in the region 13.75 to 15 MeV for Ti, Fe and Ni isotopes. In: K.-H. Böckhoff (Ed.), International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Antwerp 1982, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (1983), p. 406.

  • 19.

    Qaim, S. M.: A systematic study of (n,d), (n,n′p) and (n,pn) reactions at 14.7 MeV. Nucl. Phys. A 382, 255 (1982).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Qaim, S. M., Wölfle, R.: Excitation function of the 58Ni(n,d)57Co reaction near its threshold. Phys. Rev. C 32, 305 (1985).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Otuka, N., Dupont, E., Semkova, V., Pritychenko, B., Blokhin, A. I., Aikawa, M., Babykina, S., Bossant, M., Chen, G., Dunaeva, S., Forrest, R. A., Fukahori, T., Furutachi, N., Ganesan, S., Ge, Z., Gritzay, O. O., Herman, M., Hlavač, S.: Towards a more complete and accurate experimental nuclear reaction data library (EXFOR): international collaboration between nuclear reaction data centers (NRDC), Nucl. Data Sheets 120, 272 (2014).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Grimes, S. M., Haight, R. C., Alvar, K. R., Barschall, H. H., Borchers, R. R.: Charged-particle emission in reactions of 15-MeV neutrons with isotopes of chromium, iron, nickel, and copper. Phys. Rev. C 19, 2127 (1979).

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


or
Log in with your institution

Journal + Issues

Radiochimica Acta publishes original papers, review articles, and “rapid communications” (short articles of a more timely interest) on all chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology. The journal is geared toward scientists who are actively engaged in research work.

Search