Cross-cultural adaptation of the Danish version of the Big Five Inventory – a dual-panel approach

Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson 1 , Steffan Wittrup McPhee Christensen 2 , 3 , Morten Haugaard Pape 4 , Rogerio Pessoto Hirata 2 , Trine Rafn 2  and Søren T. Skou 5 , 6
  • 1 Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7, Aalborg, Denmark
  • 2 Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • 3 Department of Physiotherapy, University College of Northern Denmark, Aalborg, Denmark
  • 4 FysioDanmark Odense, Odense, Denmark
  • 5 Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark
  • 6 Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Næstved-Slagelse-Ringsted Hospitals, Slagelse, Denmark
Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7, Aalborg, Denmark
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, Steffan Wittrup McPhee Christensen
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • Department of Physiotherapy, University College of Northern Denmark, Aalborg, Denmark
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, Morten Haugaard Pape, Rogerio Pessoto Hirata
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
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, Trine Rafn
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, SMI, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
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and Søren T. Skou
  • Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark
  • Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Næstved-Slagelse-Ringsted Hospitals, Slagelse, Denmark
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Abstract

Background and aims

Assessing personality in research can be of importance, especially due to the potential relationship between different personality traits and the manifestation of symptoms in different clinical conditions. Therefore, it is important to have valid and reliable tools that allow for the assessment of personality traits. In this study, the aim was to translate and culturally adapt the Big Five Inventory (BFI) to the Danish language.

Methods

A dual panel approach, consisting of a 4-person bilingual panel and an 8-person panel with laymen, was used to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire. A third 9-person panel consisting of people with different medical diagnosis was used to assess the face validity. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s α) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC)) were tested amongst 96 subjects.

Results

The translated version demonstrated adequate internal consistency (0.66–0.84) and good-excellent test-retest reliability (0.86–0.95). The smallest detectable change is between 1.13–1.70 for the five subscales. Both the healthy and patient panels of laymen considered the questionnaire too long.

Conclusion

This translated version of the Big Five Inventory demonstrated high to very high test-retest reliability and, for most parts, an acceptable internal consistency. The construct validity was however different from versions translated into languages geographically and culturally similar to Danish.

Implications

Assessing the Big Five personality traits in Danish populations can be valuable for many reasons, e.g. when assessing people in pain in both clinical and experimental settings. Improved knowledge of the underlying driver of pain conditions is important. Here, understanding how personality may interact with pain can help researchers and clinicians.

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