Czech analytic agreement and the characteristics of little pro

Ludmila Veselovská 1
  • 1 Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Ludmila Veselovská

Abstract

This study deals with subject predicate agreement in Czech and the structure of a null subject. First, it introduces the concept of Null Subject Languages as it has been used in a generative framework. Then it shows the complex feature content of the Czech subject-predicate agreement morphology, arguing that the data repeatedly signal a division of the agreement features into two clear cut feature sets and two distinct agreement domains: (a) the lower, lexical domain inside vP containing the nominal n[±φ] feature set (Gender and N-Number), and (b) the higher, functional domain on the T head, which contains the functional D[±φ] feature set (Person and D-Number). The study relates the analysis to the present day microparametric concept of a Null Subject Parameter as in, e. g., the studies in Biberauer (2010), accepting the hypothesis of the checking of the subject-predicate agreement with two levels of predicate (separate heads v and T). It proposes that with pronominal subjects, the φ feature values can be re-set with respect to the speech act information located in the Aboutness Topic. Given the several levels of agreement, each of which can be licensed by a zero morpheme, the study proposes that pro is a complex entity consisting of two separate parts, each endowed with a distinct set of φ features.

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Zeitschrift für Slawistik publishes critical essays on languages and literatures, popular poetry, and the cultural history of Slavic peoples in the past and present. Special attention is paid to German-Slavic linguistics, literary and cultural relations within their European context, onomastics, history and poetology of literary genres, Baltic studies, Sorbian studies, and the history of Slavic studies.

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