Entrepreneurial ecosystems: Founding figures and research frontiers in economic geography

Susann Schäfer
  • Corresponding author
  • Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Institute of Geography, Löbdergraben 32, 07743 Jena, Jena, Germany
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and Heike Mayer
  • University of Bern, Institute of Geography & Center for Regional Economic Development, Bern, Switzerland
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The editorial for the special issue on entrepreneurial ecosystems summarizes the ongoing debate on the entrepreneurial ecosystem concept and portrays the backgrounds of founding figures of the concept. It traces the unique contribution of this issue with regard to recently published research. The contributions deal with the measurement of and the role of specific actors and institutions in entrepreneurial ecosystems.

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  • Alvedalen, J. and Boschma, R. (2017) ‘A critical review of entrepreneurial ecosystems research: Towards a future research agenda’, European Planning Studies, 25(6), pp. 887–903. doi: 10.1080/09654313.2017.1299694

  • Audretsch, D.B. and Belitski, M. (2017) ‘Entrepreneurial ecosystems in cities: Establishing the framework conditions’, The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(5), pp. 1030–1051. doi: 10.1007/s10961-016-9473-8

  • Audretsch, D.B. and Link, A.N. (eds.) (2017) Universities and the entrepreneurial ecosystem. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Audretsch, D.B. (ed.) (2011) Handbook of Research on Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Cheltenham, U.K: Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Audretsch, D.B. et al. (2018) ‘Entrepreneurial ecosystems: economic, technological, and societal impacts’, The Journal of Technology Transfer. doi: 10.1007/s10961-018-9690-4

  • Auschra, C., Schmidt, T. and Sydow, J. (2019) ‘Entrepreneurial Ecosystems as issue, exchange or strategic action fields? Integrating meso-level institutional theory’, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie (2–3).

  • Babson College (2018) About Daniel Isenberg. Available at: http://www.babson.edu/executive-education/expanding-entrepreneurship/beep/Pages/isenberg-daniel.aspx (Accessed: 15 November 2018).

  • Bathelt, H. and Glückler, J. (2011) The relational economy: Geographies of knowing and learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Brown, R. and Mason, C. (2017) ‘Looking inside the spiky bits: a critical review and conceptualisation of entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Small Business Economics, 49(1), pp. 11–30. doi: 10.1007/s11187-017-9865-7

  • Cohen, B. (2006) ‘Sustainable valley entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Business Strategy and the Environment, 15(1), pp. 1–14. doi: 10.1002/bse.428

  • Colombo, M.G. and Delmastro, M. (2002) ‘How effective are technology incubators?’ Research Policy, 31(7), pp. 1103–1122. doi: 10.1016/S0048-7333(01)00178-0

  • Colombo, M.G. et al. (2017) ‘The governance of entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Small Business Economics. doi: 10.1007/s11187-017-9952-9

  • Credit, K., Mack, E.A. and Mayer, H. (2018) ‘State of the field: Data and metrics for geographic analyses of entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Geography Compass, 12(9), e12380. doi: 10.1111/gec3.12380

  • Daniel, L. et al. (2018) ‘Deconstructing the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Concept’, in O’Connor, A. et al. (eds.) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Place-Based Transformations and Transitions. (International Studies in Entrepreneurship, 38). Cham: Springer International Publishing; Imprint; Springer, pp. 23–44.

  • EADA (2018) Boyd Derek Cohen. Available at: https://www.eada.edu/en/teaching-and-research/departments/strategy-leadership-and-people/boyd-derek-cohen (Accessed: 13 November 2018).

  • Feld, B. (2012) Startup communities: Building an entrepreneurial ecosystem in your city. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

  • Feldman, M. and Lowe, N. (2015) ‘Triangulating regional economies: Realizing the promise of digital data’, Research Policy, 44(9), pp. 1785–1793. doi: 10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.015

  • Feldman, M. and Zoller, T.D. (2012) ‘Dealmakers in Place: Social Capital Connections in Regional Entrepreneurial Economies’, Regional Studies, 46(1), pp. 23–37. doi: 10.1080/00343404.2011.607808

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  • Gartner, W.B. et al. (2016) ‘Entrepreneurship as practice: grounding contemporary practice theory into entrepreneurship studies’, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 28(9–10), pp. 813–816. doi: 10.1080/08985626.2016.1251736

  • Goswami, K., Mitchell, J.R. and Bhagavatula, S. (2018) ‘Accelerator expertise: Understanding the intermediary role of accelerators in the development of the Bangalore entrepreneurial ecosystem’, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 12(1), pp. 117–150. doi: 10.1002/sej.1281

  • Iacob, N., Friederici, N. and Lachenmayer, J. (2019) ‘Operationalising relational theory of entrepreneurial ecosystems at city-level in Africa, Asia and the Middle East’, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie (2–3).

  • Igwe, P. (2016) Entrepreneurial Ecosystem and the Role of Government in Promoting Entrepreneurship.

  • Isenberg, D. (2010) ‘How to Start an Entrepreneurial Revolution’, Harvard Business Review (June), 2010. Available at: https://hbr.org/2010/06/the-big-idea-how-to-start-an-entrepreneurial-revolution.

  • Isenberg, D. (2011) The Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Strategy as a New Paradigm for Economic Policy: Principles for Cultivating Entrepreneurship: The Babson Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Project.

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  • Kuebart, A. and Ibert, O. (2019) ‘From territorial to topological conceptions of entrepreneurial ecosystems: The dynamic spatiality of knowledge brokering in seed accelerators’, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie (2–3).

  • Mack, E. and Mayer, H. (2016) ‘The evolutionary dynamics of entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Urban Studies, 53(10), pp. 2118–2133. doi: 10.1177/0042098015586547

  • Malecki, E.J. (2018) ‘Entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Geography Compass, 12(3), e12359. doi: 10.1111/gec3.12359

  • Martin, R. and Sunley, P. (2003) ‘Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?’ Journal of Economic Geography, 3(1), pp. 5–35. doi: 10.1093/jeg/3.1.5

  • Mason, C. and Brown, R. (2014) Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth oriented entrepreneurship. The Hague.

  • Mayer, H. (2011) ‘Evolution, innovation and entrepreneurship in emerging industries Introduction to the special issue’, Geographica Helvetica, 66(4), pp. 230–232. doi: 10.5194/gh-66-230-2011

  • Mayer, H. (2012) Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Second Tier Regions. Cheltenham, U.K: Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Menzel, M.-P. and Fornahl, D. (2010) ‘Cluster life cycles – dimensions and rationales of cluster evolution’, INDUSTRIAL AND CORPORATE CHANGE, 19(1), pp. 205–238.

  • O’Connor, A. and Reed, G. (2018) ‘Theorizing the University Governance Role in an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem’, in O’Connor, A. et al. (eds.) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Place-based Transformations and Transitions: Springer Verlag, pp. 81–100.

  • O’Connor, A. and Roos, G. (eds.) (2015) Integrating innovation: South Australian entrepreneurship systems and strategies. Adelaide: The University of Adelaide University of Adelaide Press. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.20851/j.ctt1sq5xd5.

  • O’Connor, A. et al. (eds.) (2018) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Place-based Transformations and Transitions: Springer Verlag.

  • Peck, J. (2005) ‘Struggling with the Creative Class’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(4), pp. 740–770. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2427.2005.00620.x

  • Porter, M.E. (2000) ‘Locations, clusters, and company strategy’, in Clark, G.L., Feldman, M.P. and Gertler, M.S. (eds.) The Oxford handbook of economic geography. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 253–274.

  • Roundy, P.T., Bradshaw, M. and Brockman, B.K. (2018) ‘The emergence of entrepreneurial ecosystems: A complex adaptive systems approach’, Journal of Business Research, 86, pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.01.032

  • Schäfer, S. and Henn, S. (2018) ‘The evolution of entrepreneurial ecosystems and the critical role of migrants. A Phase-Model based on a Study of IT startups in the Greater Tel Aviv Area’, Cambridge Journal Of Regions, Economy And Society.

  • Scillitoe, J.L. and Chakrabarti, A.K. (2010) ‘The role of incubator interactions in assisting new ventures’, TECHNOVATION, 30(3), pp. 155–167. doi: 10.1016/j.technovation.2009.12.002

  • Spigel, B. (2013) ‘Bourdieuian approaches to the geography of entrepreneurial cultures’, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 25(9–10), pp. 804–818. doi: 10.1080/08985626.2013.862974

  • Spigel, B. (2017) ‘The Relational Organization of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(1), pp. 49–72. doi: 10.1111/etap.12167

  • Spigel, B. and Harrison, R. (2018) ‘Toward a process theory of entrepreneurial ecosystems’, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 12(1), pp. 151–168. doi: 10.1002/sej.1268

  • Stam, E. (2015) ‘Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Regional Policy: A Sympathetic Critique’, European Planning Studies, 23(9), pp. 1759–1769. doi: 10.1080/09654313.2015.1061484

  • Stam, E. and Spigel, B. (2016) ‘Entrepreneurial Ecosystems’, U.S.E. Discussion Paper Series (16–13), pp. 1–18.

  • Sternberg, R. (2009) ‘Regional Dimensions of Entrepreneurship’, Foundations and Trends? in Entrepreneurship, 5(4), pp. 211–340. doi: 10.1561/0300000024

  • Sternberg, R., Bloh, J. von and Coduras, A. (2019) ‘A new framework to measure entrepreneurial ecosystems at the regional level’, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie (2–3).

  • Theodoraki, C., Messeghem, K. and Rice, M.P. (2018) ‘A social capital approach to the development of sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an explorative study’, Small Business Economics, 51(1), pp. 153–170. doi: 10.1007/s11187-017-9924-0

  • University of St. Antdrews (2018) Dr Ross Brown. Available at: https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/management/aboutus/people/academic/rossbrown/ (Accessed: 3 December 2018).

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The primary focus of the German Journal for Economic Geography (ZFW) is on theory-led empirical research about spatial economic structures and regional dynamics. ZFW, which is the only scientific journal on Economic Geography in German speaking countries, addresses scientists and students as well as decision makers in private firms and economic promotion agencies.