Heat and Mass Transfer of Temperature-Dependent Viscosity Models in a Pipe: Effects of Thermal Radiation and Heat Generation

Fayyaz Ahmad, Mubbashar NazeerORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3932-6214, Mubashara Saeed
  • Department of Mathematics, Riphah International University, Faisalabad Campus, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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, Adila Saleem
  • Department of Mathematics, Riphah International University, Faisalabad Campus, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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and Waqas Ali
  • Chair of Production Technology, Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
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Abstract

In this paper, a study of the flow of Eyring-Powell (EP) fluid in an infinite circular long pipe under the consideration of heat generation and thermal radiation is considered. It is assumed that the viscosity of the fluid is an exponential function of the temperature of the fluid. The flow of fluid depends on many variables, such as the physical property of each phase and shape of solid particles. To convert the given governing equations into dimensionless form, the dimensionless quantities have been used and the resultant boundary value problem is solved for the calculation of velocity and temperature fields. The analytical solutions of velocity and temperature are calculated with the help of the perturbation method. The effects of the fluidic parameters on velocity and temperature are discussed in detail. Finite difference method is employed to find the numerical solutions and compared with the analytical solution. The magnitude error in velocity and temperature is obtained in each case of the viscosity model and plotted against the radius of the pipe. Graphs are plotted to describe the influence of various parameter EP parameters, heat generation parameter and thermal radiation parameters against velocity and temperature profiles. The fluid temperature has decreasing and increasing trends with respect to radiation and heat generations parameters, respectively.

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