β-Ionone and camphor were ethynylated to give the alkynols 14, 16, 17 which can be transformed to the alkynolethers 5b, 5i, 5j, 5k, 5l, 5m by treatment with dimethylsulfate and chlorotrimethylsilane, respectively. From the alkynolethers 5h, 5i, 5j/5k, 5l/5m the orthoamide derivatives 4h, 4i, 4j/4k, 4l/4m can be prepared by treatment with N,N,N′,N′,N″,N″-hexamethylguanidinium chloride (8) in the presence of sodium hydride. The orthoamides 4h, 4i react with the sulfonamide 30 under condensation yielding the N-sulfonylated acrylamidines 31, 32. From the orthoamide 4h and p-nitroaniline the propiolamidine 29 could be obtained. The orthoamides 4j/4k and 4l/4m, react with benzamidine to give the pyrimidines 33, 34, respectively. In the reaction of malonodinitrile (9a) with the orthoamides 4i and 4j/4k, mixtures of 1,1-diamino-1,3-butadienes 36, 38 and 1,3-diamino-1,3-butadienes 37 and 39 are produced, respectively. From CH2-acidic compounds as ethylcyanacetate (9b), diethyl-malonate (9c) and nitromethane (9d) and the orthoamide 4i the 1,1-diamino-1,3-butadienes 36b–d were produced. The pyridone derivative 40 can be prepared from cyanoacetamide (9e) and the orthoamide 4i. The condensation of the orthoamides 4j/4k with cyanoacetamide (9e) affords a mixture of the pyrimidone 41 and the nicotinonitrile 42.
Zusammenstellung von Übersichtsartikeln unter Lit.  in W. Kantlehner, R. Stieglitz, M. Hauber, E. Haug, C. Regele, Prakt. Chem.2000, 342, 256.10.1002/(SICI)1521-3897(200003)342:3<256::AID-PRAC256>3.0.CO;2-G)| false
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B is an international scientific journal which publishes original papers, microreviews, and letters from all areas of inorganic chemistry, solid state chemistry, coordination chemistry, molecular chemistry, and organic chemistry.