Enzymes that use pyridoxal phosphate (PLP, Vitamin B6) as cofactor constitute a ubiquitous class of biocatalysts. A variety of PLP-dependant enzymes mainly involved in biochemical pathways concerning amino acid metabolism are found in all forms of life. These enzymes also play an important role in wine production, as well in grape growing as in enological processes. The formation of pleasant aroma compounds often runs with participation of pyridoxal-dependant enzymes. But these are also brought into context with the formation of off-odors, especially from sulfur compounds (i.e. sulfur containing amino acids cysteine, methionine). The versatility of PLP-dependant bioreactions arises from its ability to covalently bind the substrate and then to function as an electrophilic catalyst, thereby stabilizing different types of carbanionic reaction intermediates, containing iminium salt structures. This article summarizes the influence of PLP on sensorically important aroma compounds in wine growing and wine processing.
M. Chan-Huot, A. Dos, R. Zander, S. Sharif, P. M. Tolstoy, S. Compton, E. Fogle, M. D. Toney, I. Shenderovich, G.S. Denisov, H.-H. Limbach, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2013, 135, 18160.10.1021/ja408988z24147985)| false
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B is an international scientific journal which publishes original papers, microreviews, and letters from all areas of inorganic chemistry, solid state chemistry, coordination chemistry, molecular chemistry, and organic chemistry.