Apoptosis induction by α-mangostin-loaded nanoparticles in human cervical carcinoma cells

Minh H. Nguyen 1 , Dat T. Nguyen 2  and Phuong T.M. Nguyen 3 , 4
  • 1 University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • 2 Center for Research and Technology Transfer, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • 3 Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • 4 Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi, Vietnam
Minh H. Nguyen
  • University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
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, Dat T. Nguyen
  • Center for Research and Technology Transfer, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi, Vietnam
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and Phuong T.M. Nguyen
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi, Vietnam
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Abstract

The compound α-mangostin (AMG) extracted from Garcinia mangostana L. has potent anticancer properties but its clinical application is limited because of its poor solubility. In this study, AMG-loaded nanoparticles (NMG) were synthesized using a new formula and their apoptosis activity against human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells was investigated in comparison with organic solvent-soluble AMG in free form. The NMG was successfully synthesized with a particle size of <50 nm, polydispersity index <0.3, and zeta potential of −35.2 mV. At a concentration of 10 μg/mL, AMG reduced cell survival by 60%, whereas NMG treatment resulted in >90% cell death (p < 0.05). The AMG- or NMG-treated cells also showed changes in the size and shape and exhibited enhanced intensity of blue-stained nuclei, as well as decreased cell density, especially in NMG-treated cells. After 24 h of incubation with AMG or NMG, the cells went through late apoptosis at a rate of approximately 34% in 20 μg/mL AMG treatment and 27% in 10 μg/mL NMG treatment (p < 0.05). Thus, HeLa cells underwent more pronounced cell death through apoptosis induction caused by the NMG treatment compared to that caused by AMG. Clearly, the new NMG improved AMG bioavailability while maintaining the desired activity.

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A Journal of Biosciences: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C (ZNC) is an international scientific journal for the emerging field of natural and natural-like products. ZNC publishes original research on the isolation, bio-chemical synthesis and bioactivities of natural products, their biochemistry, pharmacology, biotechnology, and biological activity and innovative developed computational methods for predicting their structure and/or function.

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