Central to the discussion of 2 Peter's opponents is the descriptive phrase, “they promise them freedom” (λευθερίαν ατος παγγελλόμενοι, 2 Pet 2,19). This phrase is variously interpreted depending upon how the opponents are identified. In the past, certain positions vis-à-vis the opponents in 2 Peter have been overstated, and some data undervalued or overlooked. To more fully account for the evidence, this article proposes modifications to the prevailing opinions with a corresponding reinterpretation of the opponents' promise of freedom.
A highly reputed journal published since 1900, the Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft is an international journal for the exegesis of the New Testament and knowledge of the early church (patristics).