3D Li Diffusion in c-LixTiS2 (x = 0.69 and 0.75): A Theoretical Study

Mazharul M. Islam 1  and Thomas Bredow 1
  • 1 Mulliken Center for Theoretical Chemistry, Universität Bonn, Beringstrasse 4–6, 53115 Bonn, Germany

Abstract

Lithium diffusion in the spinel type cubic titanium disulphide (c-LixTiS2, x = 0.69 and 0.75) is investigated theoretically with periodic density-functional theory (DFT) method. The calculated unit cell length and bond distances for a series of LixTiS2 (0 < x < 1) compounds are in agreement with the experimental data, with the maximum deviation of +0.06% for the lattice parameter and −1.2% for the bond length. In agreement with Vegard's law, the unit cell length a is an almost linear function of x. The calculated average intercalation potentials for the series LixTiS2 (0 < x < 1) range between 1.6 to 1.9 V which is in the range of experimental findings. Competing pathways for Li diffusion in c-LixTiS2 (x = 0.69 and 0.75) are investigated using the climbing-image Nudged-Elastic-Band (cNEB) approach. Li+ ions can migrate along the 〈100〉 and 〈110〉 directions suggesting that Li+ diffusion in c-LixTiS2 is three-dimensional (3D). The calculated activation energy values for the considered migration pathways show that Li+ diffusion along the 〈100〉 directions is more preferable that that along the 〈110〉 directions.

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Founded in 1887, the Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie covers the main developments in physical chemistry, placing with an emphasis on experimental research. It represents a combination ofdiscusses reaction kinetics and spectroscopy, surface research and electrochemistry, thermodynamics and the structure analysis of matter in its various conditions, among other topics.

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