NMR and Impedance Spectroscopy Studies on Lithium Ion Diffusion in Microcrystalline γ-LiAlO2

Elena Witt 1 , Suliman Nakhal 2 , C. Vinod Chandran 1 , Martin Lerch 2 ,  and Paul Heitjans 1
  • 1 Institut für Physikalische Chemie und Elektrochemie, and ZFM – Center for Solid State Chemistry and New Materials, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Callinstr. 3–3a, 30167 Hannover, Germany
  • 2 Institut für Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany

Abstract

In this work nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and impedance spectroscopy (IS) studies on Li ion dynamics in microcrystalline γ-LiAlO2 are presented. The sample was prepared by solid state synthesis between Li2CO3 and Al2O3 in air, followed by a quenching procedure. The presence of phase-pure γ-LiAlO2 was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction including Rietveld refinement. Further structural characterization was done with 6Li, 7Li and 27Al NMR. Several NMR techniques such as spin-lattice relaxation measurements, motional narrowing experiments, as well as spin-alignment echo were employed for the investigation of Li ion diffusion. The measurements were carried out at high temperatures (up to 970 K) in order to access the regime of Li ion motion being very slow. The dc conductivities measured by IS in the temperature range from 680 K to 870 K were converted to diffusion coefficients being compatible with those obtained by NMR.

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Founded in 1887, the Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie covers the main developments in physical chemistry, placing with an emphasis on experimental research. It represents a combination ofdiscusses reaction kinetics and spectroscopy, surface research and electrochemistry, thermodynamics and the structure analysis of matter in its various conditions, among other topics.

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