Characterization and Gas Sensing Properties of Spin Coated WO3 Thin Films

Sambhaji S. Shendage 1 , Vithoba L. Patil 1 , Sharadrao A. Vanalakar 2 , Sarita P. Patil 1 , Jalindar L. Bhosale 3 , Jin. H. Kim 4 ,  and Pramod. S. Patil 1
  • 1 Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, M. S., India
  • 2 Department of Physics, Karmaveer Hire Arts, Commerce, Science and Education College Gargoti, Kolhapur, 416 209, India
  • 3 SMDBS Mahavidyalaya, Miraj-416412, M. S., India
  • 4 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, South Korea
Sambhaji S. Shendage
  • Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, M. S., India
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, Vithoba L. Patil
  • Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, M. S., India
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, Sharadrao A. Vanalakar
  • Department of Physics, Karmaveer Hire Arts, Commerce, Science and Education College Gargoti, Kolhapur, 416 209, India
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, Sarita P. Patil
  • Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, M. S., India
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, Jalindar L. Bhosale, Jin. H. Kim
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, South Korea
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and Pramod. S. Patil
  • Corresponding author
  • Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, M. S., India
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Abstract

The WO3 thin films have been synthesized on to the glass substrates by a simple and easy spin coating method at different deposition cycles and their sensor responses towards various concentrations of NO2 gas were investigated. The WO3 films were spin coated at a spinning rate of 2500–3000 rpm for 5, 10 and 15 deposition cycles, respectively. Then the films were annealed at 400 °C for 1 h in a furnace. The structural, morphological, optical and electrical properties of WO3 films were studied by different characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), FT-RAMAN Spectroscopy and electrical resistivity measurements by laboratory made two probe method respectively. It reveals a spherical grain – like morphology with a pure monoclinic phase of WO3. The FT-RAMAN spectra also confirm the pure monoclinic phase of WO3. The WO3-10 film sensor exhibits maximum gas sensitivity 21.93 and 102.4% to 5 and 100 ppm NO2 at 200 °C, respectively. The WO3-10 thin film sensors is highly sensitive and selective to NO2 over other gases.

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