Using ancient Armenian versions, it has been possible to retrieve the original Greek short version of both martyrologies. The textual layers can be interpreted as a mirror of the norms of Christian behavior during the period of persecution. The critical editions are followed in Volume 2 by a textual history and reconstruction.
"[Das] Buch bereichert die Forschung zur Kirchengeschichte nicht nur des 2. Jh."Hans Reinhard Seeliger in: ZKG 128/1 (2017), 103 "Zwierlein’s significant study is far more than just a critical edition, but a novel paradigm for understanding the Polycarpian, Pionian and Ignatian literatures. [...] If accepted, Zwierlein’s complex reconstructions would replace more traditional views with intricate histories of adaptations across several centuries, motivated by assorted later controversies. Zwierlein’s exacting work will certainly become a stimulating interlocutor, as other scholars sift and weigh his specific arguments, particular assertions of literary dependence, and detailed claims."Paul Hartog in: Journal of Ecclesiastical History (2018), 382-383