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Medieval Contexts and Modern Portrayals
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Abstract

Cet article examine comment certains concepts-clé des cultures mémorielles sont transférés d’une langue à l’autre et quels glissements sémantiques peuvent alors s’opérer. La question concerne ici les équivalences à trouver en allemand pour les termes souvenir / mémoire / commémoration / lieux de mémoire si on les applique à la culture mémorielle contemporaine dont un paradigme est la chute du Mur et le processus de l’unification. Partant du constat que le mot Erinnerungen en conceptualise aussi bien le caractère processuel que la pluralité, il importe de se pencher aussi sur les retraductions qui conviennent le mieux en français. L’ensemble permet de plaider pour une méthodologie permettant d’accompagner scientifiquement le passage – qui est en train de s’effectuer actuellement au sujet de la RDA et des années 1989/1990 – de la mémoire communicative à la mémoire culturelle.

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Abstract

Reading African American beaches in the U. S. Gulf South city of Galveston, Texas, as contested sites where struggles over the racial and spatial politics of commemoration, normative whiteness, and anti-blackness collide, this article interprets print media accounts of Wavery Guidry and James Helton, who attended to beach patrons at the city’s two African American beaches. Framing their physical and cultural work as ‘sitting up’ with anti-blackness’ myriad personal, cultural, social, legal and structural attacks, this paper contends that Guidry’s and Helton’s experiences provide a critical opportunity to reconsider how racial discourses in the U. S. Gulf South impact the beach’s transformative possibilities.

Abstract

This essay traces the political dimension of the beach and the curious afterlife of a notorious beach photograph in the political imaginary of the Weimar Republic, focusing on elements of emergence, collage, and circulation that connect sea, sand, and mass leisure to political and aesthetic dimensions of representational practice in the period. The picture of President Friedrich Ebert and Gustav Noske, Minister of Defense, in bathing trunks wading in the Baltic Sea dominated the newspaper headlines just around the time of the new government’s inaugural ceremony in Weimar. This image seems to have encapsulated a certain aesthetic discomfort with the new form of democratic governance, and registered a deep-rooted fear of the disintegration of social and political order. The site of the beach may thus be understood not just as a background for the emerging democratic Republic, but rather as cypher of tensions in Weimar Germany between new and old political orders.