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People, Society, Pharmaceuticals, and Medical Materials
Series: De Gruyter STEM
Active Materials
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Series: De Gruyter STEM
From Mountain Bikes to Degradable Bone Grafts
Series: De Gruyter STEM

Abstract

The poplar alkaline hydrogen peroxide mechanical pulp (APMP) with the lignin content of 24.63 % was used as raw material, which with lignin content of 10.04 %, 6.33 %, 3.82 %, and 1.14 % were obtained by the acid sodium chlorite method for 1–4 hours respectively. Then, different lignin content APMP were micro-nano processing treated with acidolysis (6.5 M, 9.8 M) or ultra-granular grinding respectively. Afterwards, poplar bleached chemical pulp (BCP) was prepared micro-nano cellulose under the same conditions as the APMP. Then, compared the data of the particle size, specific surface area, fiber morphology and zeta potential of suspensions between micro-nano cellulose products. The results show that the presence of a small amount of lignin (1–4 %) in APMP does not affect the preparation of different scales nano cellulose under different acid concentration conditions. When the lignin content is reduced to below 2 %, the acidolysis is more uniform, stable, and well-dispersed compared to BCP products; when the APMP is processed by the ultra-granular grinding, the higher lignin content, the more obvious cutting effect in the fiber length direction. The characteristics and feasibility of the preparation of micro-nano cellulose by the acidolysis and ultra-granular grinding using APMP with varying degrees of delignification are compared.

Abstract

Chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP) is often used in central layers of multiply paperboards due to its high bulk and strength. Such a CTMP should consist of well-separated undamaged fibres with sufficient bonding capacity. The basic objective of this work is to optimize process conditions in low-consistency (LC) refining, i. e. to select or ultimately develop new optimal LC refiner filling patterns, in order to produce fibrillar fines and improve the separation of fibres from each other while preserving the natural fibre morphology as much as possible. Furthermore, the aim is to evaluate if this type of work can be done at laboratory-scale or if it is necessary to run trials in pilot- or mill-scale in order to get relevant answers. First stage CTMP made from Norway spruce (Picea abies) was LC refined in mill-, pilot- and laboratory-scale trials and with different filling patterns. The results show that an LR1 laboratory refiner can favourably be used instead of larger refiners in order to characterize CTMP with regard to tensile index and z-strength versus bulk. A fine filling pattern resulted in CTMP with higher tensile index, z-strength and energy efficiency at maintained bulk compared to a standard filling pattern.