Free Space Optics (FSO) communication provides attractive bandwidth enhancement with unlicensed bands worldwide spectrum. However, the link capacity and availability are the major concern in the different atmospheric conditions. The reliability of the link is highly dependent on weather conditions that attenuate the signal strength. Hence, this study focuses to mitigate the weather and geographic effects using iterative optimization on FSO communication. The optimization maximizes the visibility distance while guaranteeing the reliability by minimizing the Bit Error Rate (BER). The wireless optical communication system is designed for the data rate of 10 Gbps. The performance of the proposed wireless optical communication is compared against the literature in terms of visibility distance, quality factor, BER, and Eye diagram at different atmospheric conditions. The simulation results have shown that the proposed work has achieved better performance.
In this paper by using modified scalar effective index method, first effective refractive index of straight and bent photonic crystal fibers are determined and then propagation parameters, such as chromatic dispersions for different structural designs of PCF, are obtained. By changing the values of affecting parameters in the bent PCF, such as different bent radius, distance between air holes and air-filling factor the chromatic dispersion is determined in terms of propagating wavelengths. The obtained results of bent PCF are compared with the results of straight PCF. The results of the present paper might be useful in designing optical devices and sensing systems.
First of all, the beam propagation of Super Lorentz Gaussian (SLG) profile is propagated via space, the recent research dealt extensively with the investigation of the propagation of SLG in a level of specified atmospheric. In a turbulent atmosphere of intensity and receiver field, models were derived from a new mathematical expression of intensity and analyzed. Also, to find the power scintillation indicators for the SLG beam in a random turbulence of receiver plane. The equations are obtained for the average receiver-aperture. The new beam of SLG systems generated a modified model when compared with the receiver-aperture averaging. When we revisions the parameters, firstly is started the factor source size, this affected the profile for the power propagation and the analysis proved that the average of the aperture is affected by increasing the distance of propagation length. The enhancement of the average power of the aperture effect reliably with the source size of the initial beam source depends on several factors, including the structure constant, the beam order and static value of source size. Finally, the target of this article is detected a novel of mathematical expression of the receiver intensity is applied in the system of optical communications.
Hybrid Optical Amplifier (HOA) has made a significant change in Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) optical networks. We have proposed diverse hybrid optical amplifier configurations for the better performance of WDM optical networks. These configurations are SOA-EDFA, EDFA-EDFA and EDFA-Raman amplifier for 24 channels WDM optical networks at 10 Gbps with channel spacing of 0.8 nm. The performance of the systems is evaluated on the behalf of different parameters such as, quality factor, eye diagram, bit error rate and output power. The efforts are made to optimize these parameters. From the results, it is assessed that EDFA-Raman configuration gives superior results as compared to EDFA-EDFA configuration and SOA-EDFA hybrid optical amplifier configuration for long distance. Further it is also observed that EDFA-Raman hybrid optical amplifier configuration is suitable for high data rates up to 20 Gbps.
In this work, we propose a new filter design based on a ring resonator. This structure has 99% transmission ratio and high sensitivity to detect small refractive index variations of the order of 0.002. More specifically, the small size of this resonator gives the advantage to model a demultiplexer of size 463 µm2 based on four ports which operates in the conventional transmission band. Also, we show that our demultiplexer structure can reach more than 90% transmission ratio with an optical quality factor of about 3800, the spectral width is 0.72 nm and a crosstalk between −13.28 and −32.13. In our study, we emphasized the plane wave method to study the photonic band gap and FDTD to determine the transmission spectrum.
A simple and accurate method based on degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) to evaluate optical fiber dispersion and nonlinearity is presented. We investigated the continuous wave degenerate FWM characteristics of two photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) and a SMF28 fiber. Simply by measuring and analyzing the continuous wave degenerate FWM conversion efficiency as a function of the wavelength difference between pump and signal waves, fitting between experimental data and analytical FWM conversion efficiency expression is carried out to determine the dispersion, dispersion slope and nonlinear coefficient of the fiber. The fiber parameters simultaneously obtained from a single set of FWM measurement for Single Mode Fiber 28 (SMF28) are found to be agreement with the manufacturer specifications for this fiber, thus validating the PCF results and, more generally, the acceptable accuracy of the simple method proposed here.