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Abstract

In this study, we give two sequences {L + n}n≥ 1 and {Ln}n≥ 1 derived by altering the Lucas numbers with {±1, ±3}, terms of which are called as altered Lucas numbers. We give relations connected with the Fibonacci Fn and Lucas Ln numbers, and construct recurrence relations and Binet’s like formulas of the L + n and Ln numbers. It is seen that the altered Lucas numbers have two distinct factors from the Fibonacci and Lucas sequences. Thus, we work out the greatest common divisor (GCD) of r-consecutive altered Lucas numbers. We obtain r-consecutive GCD sequences according to the altered Lucas numbers, and show that their GCD sequences are unbounded or periodic in terms of values r.

Abstract

A general fixed point theorem for two pairs of absorbing mappings satisfying a new type of implicit relation ([37]), without weak compatibility in Gp-metric spaces is proved. As applications, new results for mappings satisfying contractive conditions of integral type and for ϕ-contractive mappings are obtained.

Abstract

In this article, we will define Padovan’s hybrid numbers, based on the new noncommutative numbering system studied by Özdemir ([7]). Such a system that is a set involving complex, hyperbolic and dual numbers. In addition, Padovan’s hybrid numbers are created by combining this set, satisfying the relation ih = −hi = ɛ + i. Given this, some properties and identities are shown for these numbers, such as Binet’s formula, generating matrix, characteristic equation, norm, and generating function. In addition, these numbers are extended to the integer field and some identities are made.

Abstract

In this paper we consider the hypo-q-operator norm and hypo-q-numerical radius on a Cartesian product of algebras of bounded linear operators on Banach spaces. A representation of these norms in terms of semi-inner products, the equivalence with the q-norms on a Cartesian product and some reverse inequalities obtained via the scalar reverses of Cauchy-Buniakowski-Schwarz inequality are also given.

Abstract

In this research we introduce the concept of m-convex function of higher order by means of the so called m-divided difference; elementary properties of this type of functions are exhibited and some examples are provided.

Abstract

Let {rn}n ∈𝕅 be a strictly increasing sequence of nonnegative real numbers satisfying the asymptotic formula rn ~ αβn, where α, β are real numbers with α > 0 and β > 1. In this note we prove some limits that connect this sequence to the number e. We also establish some asymptotic formulae and limits for the counting function of this sequence. All of the results are applied to some well-known sequences in mathematics.

Abstract

This work presents a numerical comparison between two efficient methods namely the fractional natural variational iteration method (FNVIM) and the fractional natural homotopy perturbation method (FNHPM) to solve a certain type of nonlinear Caputo time-fractional partial differential equations in particular, nonlinear Caputo time-fractional wave-like equations with variable coefficients. These two methods provided an accurate and efficient tool for solving this type of equations. To show the efficiency and capability of the proposed methods we have solved some numerical examples. The results show that there is an excellent agreement between the series solutions obtained by these two methods. However, the FNVIM has an advantage over FNHPM because it takes less time to solve this type of nonlinear problems without using He’s polynomials. In addition, the FNVIM enables us to overcome the diffi-culties arising in identifying the general Lagrange multiplier and it may be considered as an added advantage of this technique compared to the FNHPM.

Abstract

This paper proposes a new extended Lindley distribution, which has a more flexible density and hazard rate shapes than the Lindley and Power Lindley distributions, based on the mixture distribution structure in order to model with new distribution characteristics real data phenomena. Its some distributional properties such as the shapes, moments, quantile function, Bonferonni and Lorenz curves, mean deviations and order statistics have been obtained. Characterizations based on two truncated moments, conditional expectation as well as in terms of the hazard function are presented. Different estimation procedures have been employed to estimate the unknown parameters and their performances are compared via Monte Carlo simulations. The flexibility and importance of the proposed model are illustrated by two real data sets.

Abstract

In this paper, we prove the boundedness of the Bn maximal operator and Bn singular integral operators associated with the Laplace-Bessel differential operator ΔBn on variable exponent Lebesgue spaces.