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Abstract

Characterization of structural heterogeneity of liquid solutions and the pursuit of its nature have been challenging tasks to solution chemists. In the last decade, an emerging method called excess spectroscopy has found applications in this area. The method, combining the merits of molecular spectroscopy and excess thermodynamic functions, shows the ability to enhance the apparent resolution of spectra, provides abundant information concerning solution structures and intermolecular interactions. In this review, the thinking and mathematics of the method, as well as its developments, are presented first. Then, research progress related to the exploration of the method is thoroughly reviewed. The materials are classified into two parts, small-molecular solutions and ionic liquid solutions. Finally, potential challenges and the perspective for further development of the method are discussed.

Abstract

Colchicine derivative bearing substituted bispidine moiety, namely N-{7-(3,7-Di-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-1,5-dimethyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-yl)-oxy-7-oxoheptanoyl}-N-deacetylcolchicine, was synthesized and tested for its effect on the net of microtubules (MT) in lung cancer cells A549. The compound induced not only MT depolymerization but stimulated the formation of small tubulin aggregates and long tubulin fibrils localized mainly around nuclei. The assemblies were morphologically different from tubulin clusters induced by structurally related anticancer agent tubuloclustin. The biotests data demonstrate that the depolymerization takes place for both pure tubulin and tubulin in cellulo, while fibrils are formed only in the cells. The research data of structure–activity relationship for several similar colchicine derivatives synthesized in the work give evidence for the proposition that the initial conjugate may interact not only with tubulin and MT in the cells, but also with MT-associated proteins, involved in the process of tubulin polymerization. The ability to affect simultaneously MAP – tubulin interactions opens attractive prospects in the design of novel anticancer agents.

Abstract

While metal-organic frameworks based on aromatic carboxylates are very numerous and well investigated, the chemistry of their fully fluorinated analogues is at the very beginning. This minireview aims at summarizing all metal complexes with octafluorobiphenyl-4,4′-dicarboxylate (oFBPDC2−) anion and in particular, porous coordination polymers, their syntheses, crystal structures and functional properties highlighting the importance of further investigation of such systems.

Abstract

Medicinal plants have an enormous potential for producing bioactive compounds of great benefit to mankind. There is a great scope for new drug candidates based on traditional medicinal plants throughout the world. The number of drugs derived from medicinal plants that are recently introduced into clinical use is increasing. Besides, numerous of standardized herbal extracts were also approved as phytomedicines by the health authorities to be used in phytotherapy. The drug discovery program from nature in our laboratory involves several steps from plant collection, extraction, HTS of the extracts by using in vitro enzyme inhibitory tests, bioassay-guided fractionation through the isolation and structure elucidation of bioactive compounds. Continuing our researches in the field of anticholinesterase activity, neuroprotective potential of Iris pseudacorus L. have presented in this article.

Abstract

Current pulping technologies only valorize the cellulosic fiber giving total yields from biomass below 50 %. Catalytic fractionation enables valorization of both cellulose, lignin, and, optionally, also the hemicellulose. The process consists of two operations occurring in one pot: (1) solvolysis to separate lignin and hemicellulose from cellulose, and (2) transition metal catalyzed reactions to depolymerize lignin and to stabilized monophenolic products. In this article, new insights into the roles of the solvolysis step as well as the operation of the transition metal catalyst are given. By separating the solvolysis and transition metal catalyzed hydrogen transfer reactions in space and time by applying a flow-through set-up, we have been able to study the solvolysis and transition metal catalyzed reactions separately. Interestingly, the solvolysis generates a high amount of monophenolic compounds by pealing off the end groups from the lignin polymer and the main role of the transition metal catalyst is to stabilize these monomers by transfer hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis reactions. The experimental data from the transition metal catalyzed transfer hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis reactions was supported by molecular dynamics simulations using ReaXFF.

Abstract

Food waste valorisation is currently at the core of discussions and development of future economic models which, allied to the application of green and sustainable technologies, offers a viable alternative to shift industrial practices towards a circular bioeconomy. The feasibility and technological possibilities based on an integrated mango waste biorefinery concept, focusing on the extraction of bioactive compounds, are discussed in this paper. Additionally, a statistically robust methodology is presented as a green approach to optimise the variables of a sustainable, low time and energy consumption extraction technique (homogenizer-assisted extraction). Maximum concentrations of the bioactive compounds were obtained in similar values of parameters ethanol/water concentration (67.73 and 70.11 %), sample/solvent ratio (29.33 and 28.17 %) and time (4.47 and 5.00 min) for mangiferin (354.4 mg/kg DW) and hyperoside (258.7 mg/kg DW), respectively. These results demonstrated the efficiency of the proposed green and sustainable method to obtain bioactive compounds from a very common and significant tropical fruit waste in Brazil, based on an integrated mango biorefinery concept.

Abstract

Macromolecular metal complexes provide a molecular-based synergy function of organic polymers and combined metal complexes. A new category of macromolecular complexes includes catalytically active metal complexes immobilized by organic polymers containing reactive substrate moieties in their repeating units. Here, we describe the extremely efficient oxidation of allylic hydrocarbon polymers with the attached iron complex catalyst, as well as the efficient oxygen-consumption or oxygen-scavenging function of the matrix polymer film. The less toxic N,N´-di(salicylaldehyde)ethylenediiminatoiron(II) complex was combined with or fixed onto a series of allylic hydrocarbon polymers as both the oxidative substrate and the film matrix, i.e. poly(1,2-butadiene), polynorbornene, poly(5-vinyl-2-norbornene), poly(2,5-norboenadiene), poly(dicyclopentadiene), and poly(5-ethylidene-2-norbornene). Ultra-high oxygen-scavenging capacity up to 300 mL (oxygen gas at STP)/g(film) was achieved, based on the oxidative consumption of the allylic bond (particularly of poly(5-ethylidene-2-norbornene)), which was more than three times that of the previously reported highest oxygen-scavenging polymers. These oxygen-scavenging films are based on the high reactivity of polymer-metal complexes that provides an innovative development in the area of active packaging polymer films that facilitate cost-effective performance, safety, and sustainability.

Abstract

The regularities of changing chemical composition and size of a ultra-small multicomponent gas bubble growing in a viscous solution have been analyzed. The full-scale effects of solution viscosity and bubble curvature at non-stationary diffusion of arbitrary number of dissolved gases with any value of gas supersaturations and solubilities in the surrounding liquid solution have been taken into account. The nonuniform concentration profiles of gas species in supersaturated solution around the growing bubble with changing composition have been found as a function of time and distance from the bubble center. Equations describing transition to stationary concentrations of gases in the bubble with increasing radius have been obtained. Analytic asymptotic solutions of these equations for a ternary system have been presented.