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Business practices for a sustainable future
Erfolgreiche Düsseldorfer Unternehmen
Insights from Experimental Research

Abstract

The Irish Government has identified research and development (R&D) and innovation as among the key pillars of growth within the economy. To achieve this growth, R&D tax incentives, which are adopted in advanced economies, are set into policy to encourage firms to innovate, thus, making companies more competitive and productive. One of the key enablers to driving R&D is a well-designed, competitive and sustainable tax policy to support the activity. However, evidence on the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives for innovation is largely anecdotal and the influence of innovation on firm-level taxation is still underexplored, in terms of and empirical examination. This paper sets out to review the recent trends and views of industry regarding R&D tax credits.

Abstract

The papers in this special issue explore the rapid growth of venture development organizations globally. A consistent theme that runs throughout the contributions is that, while ecosystem development is necessary everywhere to enhance the economic impact of entrepreneurship, in emerging economies, contextualization is critical. Countries have idiosyncratic histories and development trajectories. Myriad stakeholders participate and shape local ecosystems. To illustrate, this introduction provides an overview of some key venture development initiatives in South Africa, and we consider how venture development organizations, particularly those based at academic institutions, could contribute to the development of the country’s entrepreneurial ecosystem. We provide suggestions for policy initiatives and academic research.

Abstract

Advances on the study of entrepreneurial intention among students from universities motivate to further investigate the factors behind this intention. In this paper, we focus on the effect of affective traits (positive and negative) on the entrepreneurial intention antecedents proposed by Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior drawing on the arguments of affect priming. Using a sample of 597 students from Spain, we use structural equation model to test our hypotheses. Our results show that positive affective traits have a positive impact on the attitude toward entrepreneurship (ATE), perceived behavioral control of entrepreneurship (PBC), and social norms toward entrepreneurship (SN). Negative affective traits negatively influence ATE and SN, but not PBC. In addition, using a K-means clustering analysis and an analysis of variance, our study further explores how different affective personalities relate to a particular level of entrepreneurial intention. Our results contribute to understand of the psychological processes that influence entrepreneurial intention. Overall, our research contributes to the literature on affect and entrepreneurial cognition by evaluating the interaction of affect and the cognitive antecedents of entrepreneurial intention.

Abstract

Business acceleration services are gaining popularity around the world. In this study, we put forward a framework and an iterative process for the design of acceleration programs. Based on literature from around the world and a case study of an acceleration program in Egypt, we develop a model that considers the process for designing, monitoring, and adjusting an acceleration program based on both internal and external considerations. In this study, we find that aspects such as the analysis of the external environment in the surrounding entrepreneurship ecosystem, and of the internal environment in the host institution’s capabilities, resources, and limitations, are important in guiding the design process. We also illustrate a comprehensive set of design parameters to be considered in the development of the acceleration program, including the program’s value proposition, sector focus, duration, service offering, resource intensity, partnerships, as well as the profile of the startups supported. In presenting this model, we aim to fill an important gap in research on how accelerators are designed and offer a framework substantiated by academic review that helps practitioners and policymakers avoid “copying and pasting” acceleration programs without careful attention to the local contexts and needs.

Abstract

Based on the finding of the economic studies on the analysis of the performances of the companies from retails sector, this paper aims of analyzing the economic factors which are the basis of economic performances of the new companies from the retails sector of Romania. Starting with an econometric model based on current assets, fixed assets and number of employees, three research hypotheses were tested and validated through a multilinear regression model analyzed with the OLS method with the use of statistical software SPSS 23. The conclusions of the paper are in line with the other researches in the area and underline that the economic performances of the selected companies are determined by the current and fixed assets, as well as the number of employees.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to determine the important role of Chief Executive Officer emotional intelligence to explain the interaction relationship between research and development investment and corporate social responsibility categories. This research relied on the completion of a questionnaire type inquiry structured around the table-based analysis. The questionnaire was sent out to a large sample of Tunisian firms’ Chief Executive Officer. The results of the 96 valid responses were entered for analysis by the partial least squares method. They show the significant effect of Chief Executive Officers’ emotional intelligence on the relation between corporate social responsibility categories (customer, employee, community, territory and environment) and research and development investment. In addition, the Chief Executive Officer emotional intelligence provided explanations into research and development investment for the corporate social responsibility problems in Tunisia. Firstly, this study emphasized the important role of research and development investment in the corporate social responsibility categories. Secondly, a new data analysis method “decision-tree” was applied to estimate the moderating effects of managerial emotional intelligence on the CSR – R&D relationship.

Abstract

The paper focuses on the employer branding creation and HR marketing in selected healthcare service providers. The employer branding creation and HR marketing have become an interesting and creative area both in the field of HR management and marketing. The process of the employer branding creation and the conception of HR marketing coming from within the organizations and corporations could an interesting and effective tool that management not only in healthcare service providers could use to create a relationship with their current and also the potential employees. The aim of the article was to find out, among other things, which factors influence the choice of the employer (concerning the selected healthcare service provider). This study was researched on the gender and biological age of the respondents. For research purposes, a structured questionnaire was used. This questionnaire was distributed among selected healthcare service providers in the Czech Republic. The proposed research hypotheses have been verified through research. The statistical method of the Pearson’s Chi-square test was chosen to verify the research hypotheses. This research study has brought the compelling findings. Firstly, that there is a statistically significant relationship between the factors influencing the choice of the employer (the selected healthcare service provider) and the age of the respondents, and secondly that there is a statistically significant relationship between the factors influencing the choice of the employer and the gender of the respondents in selected healthcare service providers in the Czech Republic.