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Abstract

The protection of children and women in Nigeria is very critical because their integration in every sphere is a precedent to the growth and development of nations. However, they face diverse discrimination and violence because they are very vulnerable. The object of this study is to examine the rights of children and women by x-raying the various legal and institutional frameworks that provide for their rights, as well as dangers posed by taking their rights for granted. The work analyses factors that inhibit their protection and proffers a viable solution. In this paper, we adopt the doctrinal and empirical methods of legal research. The study discovers that despite a legion of legislation, children and women are exposed to many factors such as legal, social, economic, and obnoxious cultural practices. Further, the work reveals that inherent lapses are visible in our legal framework particularly the 1999 Constitution (as amended), Child‘s Rights Act and other relevant legislation. Accordingly, the work recommends for the eradication of factors that promote child and women abuse and review of relevant laws. The work further recommends for a serious synergy between the government and non-governmental organizations for the protection of children and women.

Abstract

Social media provide a more convenient way for daily communication and business transaction, while they are also exploited by potential criminals to perpetrate offenses of different natures. Fraud is one of the most frequently reported offenses, some of which involve the use of WeChat, an application now used by 846 million users worldwide. The article is designed to give a comprehensive statement of features, causes, and types of WeChat fraud currently existing in China. The article also formulates important countermeasures based on academic conclusions, law enforcement opinions as well as written criminal judgments collected from Chinese courts during the research.

Abstract

The minors’ vulnerability led to the adoption of certain special means of protection. Among them, special protection measures and adoption play a special role. This paper analyses the Romanian court attributions, as guardianship court in the matter of these measures which are regulated by the dispositions of the Law no. 272/2004 republished, regarding the protection and promotion of children's rights and of the Law no. 273/2004 on the procedure of adoption, and it is intended to continue the paper on the same topic from the previous issue.

Abstract

Comparative Legal Research (CLR) is a valuable tool for legal research because it expands the history of community experience. Understanding basic knowledge in different systems fills the knowledge gap. However, the principles of globalization and universal human rights require a greater role for systematic CLR. This article analyzes the role of comparative legal research in contemporary legal education. The discussion is based on the idea that it is useful to distinguish between the education of lawyers and the conduct of comparative legal research. Comparative law is a successful field of study that has ignited a growing interest in academic and legal education in recent decades. It is proposed to pay more attention to the comparative pedagogy of legal research in today's world, where law students must be prepared to function in a global context. While comparative academic research, the goal is to foster a deep cultural understanding of foreign law, but in legal education, the goal is to learn the spirit as an advocate. This article provides an overview of the key conceptual tools to tackle the problem of the comparative methodology by introducing the logical argument to help the researcher to filter his approach. A literature review method will adopt for this article.

Abstract

The right to self-determination is one of the human rights enshrined under the Ethiopian constitution. It is also one of the rights mentioned under ICCPR and ICESCR as well as the constitutions of different countries. Being unique to many other human rights instruments and constitutions in the world, the Ethiopian constitution includes the unconditional right to secession as a part of self-determination for every one of the ethnic groups (nations, nationalities, and people) in the country. As argued among many scholars, the inclusion of unconditional secession as a part of self-determination right in the Ethiopian constitution was based on the wrong narrative that nations, nationalities and people in the country were oppressed. Thus, it is a point of political debate between elites and became the major cause of widening the divergence among views of different political parties in the country. Of course, within the constitution, there are hurdles that can potentially deny exercising of this right. Therefore, this study qualitatively analyses the impracticability of secession and unacceptability of narratives to its inclusion in the constitution of the federal democratic republic of Ethiopia.

Abstract

In this paper, the problem of the functioning of the juvenile justice as a system of all parts of the state mechanism, that deal with the problems of protection and socializing of children is considered. It is determined that the protection of children's rights in Ukraine is an urgent question. That is why providing proper conditions for life, development and socialization of the younger generation has become one of the priorities for the state policy of Ukraine. Hence, juvenile justice is one of the most effective ways to protect the rights and interests of children and youth. However the tendencies of formation of the juvenile legal policy of the state influence whether legal regulation of children’s protection can be implemented in the legal system of the state to that extent that it promotes the development of children's protection. Thus, there is a necessity to analyze the genesis, development and the current state of the juvenile law in Ukraine taking into account the practice of foreign states and defining the further perspectives of the juvenile law.

Abstract

Biofertilizers and biopesticides (together known as ‘biologicals’) hold the potential to increase farmers’ current agricultural productivity, while at the same time contributing to the soil’s ability to produce more in the future. However, the legal registration of microbial products and the operation of businesses dealing in biologicals face certain barriers, which ultimately affect the expansion and widespread use of these green products in Indian agriculture. By involving manufacturers, suppliers and traders of biologicals, as well as government officers dealing with biologicals in India, a study was conducted using participatory methods of semi-structured interviews, structured interviews and informal discussions. This article explores the participants’ perceptions and understanding of the barriers, obstacles and issues in the registration, licensing, proliferation and business operations surrounding the manufacturing, sale, trade, import, export, storage, use, and transport of microbial products. Numerous barriers to business and trade in microbial green products – biofertilizers and biopesticides – are identified. Nevertheless, certain weaknesses related to quality compliance and monitoring are also identified on the part of the manufacturers and suppliers of these biologicals, indicating that the government’s regulatory system must be more efficient and competent in handling these processes.