We study the Jimbo – Miwa equation and two of its extended forms, as proposed by Wazwaz et al., using Lie’s group approach. Interestingly, the travelling – wave solutions for all the three equations are similar. Moreover, we obtain certain new reductions which are completely different for each of the three equations. For example, for one of the extended forms of the Jimbo – Miwa equation, the subsequent reductions leads to a second – order equation with Hypergeometric solutions. In certain reductions, we obtain simpler first – order and linearisable second – order equations, which helps us to construct the analytic solution as a closed – form function. The variation in the nonzero Lie brackets for each of the different forms of the Jimbo – Miwa also presents a different perspective. Finally, singularity analysis is applied in order to determine the integrability of the reduced equations and of the different forms of the Jimbo – Miwa equation.
Fractional calculus has been shown to improve the dynamics of differential system models and provide a better understanding of their dynamics. This paper considers the time–fractional version of the Degn–Harrison reaction–diffusion model. Sufficient conditions are established for the local and global asymptotic stability of the model by means of invariant rectangles, the fundamental stability theory of fractional systems, the linearization method, and the direct Lyapunov method. Numerical simulation results are used to illustrate the theoretical results.
This paper studies the (3 + 1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev–Petviashvili–Boussinesq (KPB) equation via the Hirota’s bilinear form and symbolic computation. Mixed type lump solutions are presented, which include rational function, trigonometric function and hyperbolic function. The propagation and the dynamical behaviors of these mixed type of lump solutions are shown by some three-dimensional and contour plots.