The new Haute Pègre, as Hauteclocque called it, constituted a vast
network of international evil. Bootleggers and gangsters in America,
C O N C L U S I O N
"Underworld Columns" in Germany, master-thieves in England, the
criminal milieux of Paris and Marsei l le—for Hauteclocque all were part
of a global organization. This world-confederation of criminality, he
emphasized, lived according to its own rules, recognized no national
boundaries, and, thanks to the technological developments of wireless
radio transmission and airplane travel, was in
changed in my life by the two-month mark, I didn’t
give up, but I began to worry that the hypnotic messages might
have been equipped with a special safeguard—an encoded
message telling those who had bootlegged the tapes that they
would always be losers and amount to nothing.
It seemed that nothing and no one could rescue me from
my social predicament, not even Jerome. He came to visit our
family the fall after I had started Stuyvesant, motoring around
in an electric wheelchair that he directed with one of his
hands.White plastic braces covered both his wrists, so I
thereafter, bootleggers made use of the abandoned
Tobin and Point San Pedro tunnels for storage of
their contraband liquor.
In the late 1930s, when travel by automobiles be-
came popular, work began along the old right-of-way
on a scenic coastal highway. A route more scenic
(provided the fog lifts) and more landslide prone
could not have been chosen. Named variously State
Route 1, the Coast Highway, and the Cabrillo High-
way, the stretch from Thornton State Beach at the
end of John Daly Boulevard to just past Mussel
). There is only politics
here, nothing else’ ” (2011: 79).
9. Pūrı̄ is a fried bread often served at celebratory occasions including politi-
10. This sentiment was not unique to the slum. A middle-class friend also told
me that taking any public action was dangerous because it threatened the pow-
ers that be.
11. Other stories came up during my fieldwork that indicated how wide this
police-pradha-n nexus was. In 2009, police shielded illegal bootleggers whose
bad liquor was responsible for the deaths of fourteen residents in one Delhi slum.
relatives. We are worshiping God
and Jesus, the same God that the white people worship.” That said, the
great majority of attendees saw nothing, and the meeting was as orderly
as any religious meeting he had ever attended.
La Flesche’s investment in peyotism was rooted in the fact that his
own people had been devastated by bootleggers and whisky, a problem
that he believed had abated with the adoption of the peyote religion.
“Practically all of those of my people who have adopted the peyote
religion do not drink. . . . I have a respect for the peyote religion
the domestic sphere into small moonshine
and bootlegging operations. Women brothel owners increased profits by
complementing the sale of sex with the sale of alcohol, as the clients and
workers were already in a position of trust and secrecy in their exchange.
The narrative that organized crime controlled all of the alcohol poured in
Chicago ignores the profitable opportunities for domestic labor that
Prohibition provided to poor, working-class, and immigrant women and
families. The scale of production and distribution was much smaller, but
Murphy, Mary. 1994. “Bootlegging Mothers and Drinking Daughters: Gender
and Prohibition in Butte, Montana.” American Quarterly 46(2):174–94.
Nguyen, Holly, and Jean Marie McGloin. 2013. “Does Economic Adversity
Breed Criminal Cooperation? Considering the Motivation Behind Group
Crime.” Criminology 51(4):833–70.
Nguyen, Holly, and Peter Reuter. 2012. “How Risky Is Marijuana Possession?
Considering the Role of Age, Race, and Gender.” Crime & Delinquency
Nicoll, Ione. 1930. “Should Women Vote Wet?” North American Review