useful informant is
that he had hundreds of discrete, documented relationships. From Capone’s
not-so-normal point of view, we get a picture of the largest organized crime
network in Chicago during this period. I agree with critics that using Capone as
the informant introduces bias to the sample, but I argue that it is that very bias
that is of interest in social network research. The Capone bias in the data cap-
tures the reality that friends and bootlegging partners were not random events.
In traditional statistical linear modeling, Al Capone would be an
thin steel band along the back of the
bootleg held the two sides together.
We all sat down on the hard desert ground. Pancho pushed
his magnificently embroidered sombrero back on his head, ate
rapidly, and laughed loudly, evidently enjoying both the food
and company. I thought, at last I have met Henry VIII, not in a
schoolbook but on the hoof. One of his men helped him snap
on those fantastic leggings before they all mounted and rode
142 A SOLDIER OF FORTUNE
away. I noticed that Villa "packed" his rifle on the offside of his
saddle with the stock to the
Flexibility was a necessary strategy for civil rights leaders in the 1920s.
The “Roaring Twenties” proved a difficult decade for Americans who
wanted to solve social problems, including racism. The engine of progres-
sive reform, which had powered the crusades of the past two decades, lost
Fighting Spirit in the 1920s 193
steam after World War I. In mainstream culture, serious issues were out.
Shameless consumerism and scandalous spectacle were in. Prohibition
brought bootlegging dens and violent crime. The conservative reaction
against these trends was swift and loud. Hate
New York: Routledge, 2007.
Hilderbrand, Lucas. “The Art of Distribution: Video on Demand.” Film
Quarterly 64, no. 2 (2010): 24–28.
. “Eddie Brandt’s Saturday Matinee: An Accidental Institution.”
Spectator: The University of Southern California Journal of Film and
Television Criticism 27, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 42–47.
. Inherent Vice: Bootleg Histories of Videotape and Copyright.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.
Hilmes, Michel. Hollywood and Broadcasting: From Radio to Cable. Urbana:
University of Illinois Press, 1999.
stage of his odyssey
into uncharted terrain.
On my fi rst visit to Beijing in February 2007, I wheezed all the way
from the airport to my hotel. The thick smog hid any hint of direct
sunlight, and I didn’t see my shadow for a week. When I returned in
mid-October, the city seemed a changed place. I was surprised to see
clear blue skies. Skyscrapers were visible from a distance, not shrouded
in haze. There were other changes, too—swept sidewalks, a sudden
absence of bootleg DVD hawkers, more policemen on the streets.
A week later, Beijing looked, sounded, and
: Dover, 1970.
Hansen, Miriam. Babel and Babylon: Spectatorship in American Silent Film.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Heffernan, Kevin. Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold: Horror Films and the American
Movie Business, 1953–1968. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.
Hilderbrand, Lucas. Inherent Vice: Bootleg Histories of Videotape and
Copyright. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.
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Hill, Edwin Conger. The American Scene. New York: Witmark Educational
Hilmes, Michele. Hollywood and Broadcasting: From Radio
, Peter M., In, 128n
Blood letting, 103, 104
Bootlegging by police, 49, 74
Bordua, David J., 17n, 18n, 19n,
1 14n, 1 16n
Bouza, Anthony V., I 16n
Branch, Taylor, 47n
Bribery, commercial, 1 1-12, 65
Bribery of police. 23, 33, 38, 168;
arrests for, 139-141, 176, 250,
254; in Central City, 34; in
New burgh, 106-107; in New York
Citv, 73. 139-140, 176, 250; in
Oakland. 140-141, 143, I 76. Sw
Brown, Lee P., 149«
Brown, Raymond P., 1 1 ln -1 I2n
Brown, William P., I70n
Brutality, police, 12. 88, 257, 258
Burglary by police, 257; in Chicago
wines had completely
broken down. W h e n Prohibition was repealed, a new type of
distributor appeared in the wholesale business in many areas,
the converted bootlegger. And bathtub gin had reduced the
taste of Americans for wines. Consequently, at the time of
Repeal in 1933, the industry found itself with vineyards planted
to varieties of grapes which would produce only ordinary
The Wines of California
qualities of wine, without an adequate amount of cooperage
in which to ferment the wine, without enough well-trained
winemakers to make the wine
the boat and went up a hill in St. Louis to Boots
Saloon to get a half pint of whiskey each until Prohibition
blew over. We didn't think it was going to last. On the
boats they sold ice cream and soda pop and they had a
big freezer to keep it in. After Prohibition came, the
bootleggers would keep their whiskey in the freezer and sell
it on the boat.
The dances on the riverboats were segregated. Monday night
out of St. Louis was for the colored. There were as many
whites as colored on Monday nights and you could hardly
get on the boats that night. In New