of Nikki Terry, whose support helped me assemble this book in its final
stages and get it out into the digitalworld.
I feel a deep sense of gratitude toward my undergraduate mentor, advi-
sor, and friend, Michelle Harris. Her generosity was a turning point for me
as a college freshman, and she and Harvey Charles have been a continued
source of love and support throughout my career. I am also grateful to our
collaborators, Sherrill Sellers and Frederick Gooding, with whom I met
frequently to complete our coedited book as I wrote this book. Working
highlighting the territoriality of
conventional street gangs and our knowledge about how street gangs use space.
We then discuss the territoriality of alt- right gangs and Aryan free spaces or “set-
tings where white power members meet with one another, openly express their
extremist beliefs, and coordinate their activities” (Simi & Futrell 2015: 4). Aryan
free spaces exist in both the physical and digitalworlds (see Simi & Futrell 2006),
but this chapter will focus on the former and conclude by comparing and con-
trasting Aryan free spaces to conventional street gangs
widely ridiculed and that his roommate was planning a second filming.
Tyler committed suicide several days later, a victim of cyber bullying.
Tyler’s parents cofounded the Tyler Clementi Foundation to promote safe,
inclusive, and respectful social environments in homes, schools, campuses,
churches, and the digitalworld for vulnerable youth, LGBT youth, and
their allies; to honor their son and brother; and to address the needs of vul-
nerable populations, especially LGBT people and other victims of hostile
social environments (see https
(Non)knowledge: Security, Law, and Surveil-
lance in a DigitalWorld. International Political Sociology 11(4): 327–42.
Archer, John, and Jo Jones. 2003. Headlines from History: Violence in the
Press, 1850–1914. Pp. 17–31 in The Meanings of Violence, edited by Elizabeth
A. Stanko. New York: Routledge.
Arendt, Hannah. 1963. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of
Evil. New York: Viking Press.
Arrigo, Bruce, and Christopher Williams. 2003. Victim Vices, Victim Voices,
and Impact Statements: On the Place of Emotion and the Role of Restorative
gave a great deal of power to interest groups that were
focused on mass incarceration. These activist groups arose around the
same time the prison newspaper reappeared. The digitalworld allowed
even small voices to be heard far and wide.
206 t h e p r e s s i n p r i s o n
We used to teach “mass communication” in colleges. Practically all
those academic programs have been renamed and are now referred to by
the more amorphous title “media studies.” The reality of today is that
effective media no longer address “mass audiences.” Effective media reach
member of Parliament for the Scottish
National Party, voiced these concerns about Google during a January
2014 debate on an intellectual property bill before the House of
Commons in the United Kingdom: “It is a digital behemoth—there is
nothing bigger in the digitalworld—and the gatekeeper for all our
content industries. Nothing happens without Google, and nothing
can go through its prism without satisfying it in some way” (Wishart
Given Google’s status as a digital behemoth, rights holders have
fought a long-running campaign to pressure the search