, social, and political center of the Napa
Valley, Napa is affected by wine production as much as any of its smaller
By the mid-1970s, demand for housing was already threatening the
grape-growing lands surrounding the city of Napa. Spurred by the expan-
sion of government services, including health and education, the city's
population more than doubled between 1960 and 1975. What had been a
small rural city was transformed into a subregional retailing and distribu-
tion center. Highway connections between Napa and other Bay Area cen-
sensitive lands. But Santa Rosa has already taken steps in that direction.
The city has designated an urban limit line around it and is attempting to
prevent further sprawl or, as it is called, "scatteration." These efforts may
help counteract the frequent call for growth management.
Napa's transition to open-space preservation was predictable, since the
county's economy is so completely dependent on winemaking and vine-
yards. Once the alarm was first sounded over the conversion of grape-
growing land to residential developments early in the 1960s, it was easy