minor offender compared to some of Oakland’s other Orthodox
“wine rabbis,” who, unlike Paper, sold mostly to non- Jews.* One rabbi, who
made deliveries from a horse- drawn “laundry wagon,” included among his
c o s m o p o l i t a n s224
* In Oakland, as in other cities, “Orthodox bootlegging” was considered scandalous
by Reform leaders. Temple Sinai’s Rabbi Rudolph Coffee used grape juice rather than
wine to avoid even the suggestion of impropriety.
customers a few influential Irish politicians,123 which kept the police far
from his door.