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GLOSSARY OF ACADEMIC TERMS 273 GLOSSARY OF ACADEMIC TERMS* Battels: at Oxford, the college accounts for board and provisions supplied from the college kitchens; the term is also used to cover all college accounts for board and lodgings, rates, tuition and contributions to various funds. Bursar: (a) the senior bursar is the treasurer of a university college who deals mainly with estate finance; (¿) the junior or domestic bursar is the official who handles domestic administration and college finances. Bursary: a grant given to an undergraduate in need of

3 * ACADEMIC SKEPTICISM The contribution made by Academic Skeptics toward a clearer understanding of epistemological problems current among Hellenistic philosophers is the outcome of a lively controversy with the Stoics over the problem of the criterion of truth. Insofar as their doctrine con- sists of an attack on the Stoic theory of knowledge, it is entirely "skeptical" in the modern sense of the term, destructive in intent and negative in conclusion. The other side of the Academic philosophy, however, issues in more positive results. A direct product

PA R T T W O Academic Settings Five hurts of the system In this essay, i speak of how I have been hurt by institutional rejec- tions. My purpose is to make my own reality visible and to see how my individual experience is a female experience. I also wish to identify how faults of an institution are felt as the faults of an individual. Speaking of discontent with institutional arrangements seems to me particularly important for women, for too often the failures of the outer world to respond to us are internalized and felt as an inner failure. When I ac

49 The U.S. academic boycott movement emerged as an organized force in the late 2000s, with the formation of USACBI (US Cam- paign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel) by scholar-activists with a shared commitment to the Palestinian freedom struggle.1 It was during the war on Gaza in the winter of 2008–9 that a group of academics from diff erent disciplines formed an offi cial structure for building a national academic and cultural boycott movement and for recruiting U.S. academics to endorse the call by the Palestinian Campaign for the

2 Religion and Academic Freedom We need consider nothing more elaborate than the sketch of academic beginnings already provided in order to realize that universities first grew in religious soil. For it was the Christian religion which first supplied the institutional opportunity of a recognized class of men whose tempera- ment was thought to have removed them from the world. No monks, no universities; for as Rashdall has remarked: 'In the age which preceded the rise of the universities, the monks were the great educators of Europe.'1 The educational

C H A P T E R T W O Becoming an Academic Man David Riesman My shift f rom law to an academic career in the social sciences, and sociology in particular, is perplexing to some people; it is a puzzle especially to my law colleagues, who regard their occupation as vastly superior to being a professor in a supposedly "sof t" field teaching mere undergraduates. Some also have been bewildered by my ending up in a sociology department without passage through the ordinarily requisite Ph.D. program. That I became an academic, though, is not so surprising to

113 Academic Freedom and the Research University June 2003 When we imagine creating the modern research university de novo, the fi rst cornerstone to be laid is that of academic freedom. The American idea of academic freedom originated in Europe; it was faculty trained in European universities who brought with them the concept to American universities. About half of the members of the 1915 American Association of University Professors (AAUP) committee that fi rst articulated a statement of academic freedom in the United States were graduates of German