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6. CORPORATE FICTION This page intentionally left blank Toward the end of The Octopus—after the shoot-out be- tween the railroad and the ranchers, and after the railroad has put its "dummy buyers" in possession of the ranchers' prop- erty—Morris contrives a dramatic way of illustrating some of the consequences of this event. He cuts back and forth be- tween scenes of the immigrant rancher's widow Mrs. Hooven and her daughter starving in the streets of San Francisco and scenes of a fashionable dinner party at the home of the railroad magnate Gerard. The contrast

’s one hundred most powerful women according to Forbes magazine,” to the show. Introduction corporatized development 2 i n t r o d u c t i o n “So tell me, what is this initiative about?” asked Brennan. Brooke, a mid- dle-aged white woman, explained, “The Third Billion Campaign is really focused on just what you mentioned, which is within the next decade, the impact on the global economy of women coming into the workforce, as consumers, as entrepreneurs, as employees, will have an impact as great as China’s billion population or India’s billion population

172 The gloss of gasoline produced iridescent swirls on the surface of Cabinda Bay. Like the gleam on the water, Chevron has spread the sheen of develop- ment in its wake. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) projects dotting the Cabindan landscape refl ect waves of corporate infl uence. Investments in Cabinda’s capital city and the coastal areas near the offshore sites of extraction seek to simultaneously extend Chevron’s “social license to oper- ate” and cut production costs, while oil-backed development investments in the interior contribute to

industry has been thoroughly discredited (Brandt 2007; Proctor 2012). Yet given the ethi- cal responsibilities associated with research on human health and medi- cine, it is surprising to learn that recent studies of the pharmaceutical industry identify comparable concerns (Angell 2005; Kassirer 2005; Pet- ryna et al. 2006). These similarities suggest that the problems associated with corporate science may be intrinsic to contemporary capitalism rather than restricted to particular fi rms or industries. Consequently, this chapter examines how corporations manipulate

been postponed several times due to the school’s closure. To visit the school, I accompanied Olivia, a female program manager, João, a researcher, and a female college intern 6 Negotiating Corporatized Development Figure 11. Photograph of stick fi gure depicting a pregnant body on the wall of a school outside of Rio de Janeiro. The quote by Walt Whitman written in Portuguese translates, “If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred,” April 2010. Photograph by the author. n e g o t i a t i n g c o r p o r a t i z e d d e v e l o p m e n t 171 from

c h a p t e r 1 8 Corporate Limits They be home in a . . . , Central City many months after Hurricane Katrina, my New Orleans neighborhood remained a shambles. There were square blocks without a single inhabitant and scores of large nineteenth- century houses teetering at the edge of collapse with no prospect of repair. Although I have heard of people driving through Cen- tral City, and other old neighborhoods like it, and commenting that the damage from Hurricane Katrina was worse than they had imagined, it is a sad reality that this neighborhood looked little

27 “Corporations are people, my friend.” Former Governor Mitt Romney made this statement during the Republican presidential primary elections in 2011 at the Iowa State Fair.1 Romney’s comment was decried by critics as demonstrating his misplaced priorities, putting corporations before fl esh-and-blood human beings. By emphasizing corporate personhood, the critics said, Romney was showing he just didn’t get it, didn’t realize that it was people who mattered and not businesses. The clip of Romney uttering those fi ve words played over and over again on

least twenty-four residents suffered a range of acute toxicity symptoms, including nausea, Pesticide Purveyors and Corporate Power Jill Lindsey Harrison 52 • Pe s t ic i de s: C a l l t o Ac t ion vomiting, and blurred vision, as well as impaired, painful breathing. Emergency crews responding to the scene decided that the symptoms were not severe or persistent enough to warrant further investigation, and they instructed residents to return home and air out their houses. Consequently, the second half of the pesticide application proceeded the following day

front- lines of the protest, one that recognized that while he may have hailed from South Korea, his tragedy was one that mattered internationally: “Lee, her- mano, te has hecho mexicano.” Lee, brother, you have become Mexican. The Corporate Stock in Trade Raj Patel and Maywa Montenegro de Wit 176 • T r a de : C a l l t o Ac t ion It’s not hard to understand this international solidarity, to see how Mexican campesinos were able to see in Lee’s death the fall of a comrade. Under the World Trade Organization, farmers had been made to compete against one another

8 8 S I X CAL I FORN IA’S CORPORATE AGR IBUS INESS En California la gente vive para trabajar; aquí en México, tra- bajamos para vivir. In California people live to work; here in Mexico we work to live. —José Martínez Espino, mango farmer and Director of Rural Development, Municipal Government, Coa- coyul/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero Porque aquí está un poquito más esclavizado que en México . . . tiene uno que apegarse a sus leyes . . . leyes . . . reglas de . . . de la compañia. Because here [in California, workers] are a bit more enslaved than they are in Mexico