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Family Life 28. Chick Eggs TELLER: Once upon a time, O my listeners . . . but not until you bear witness that God is One. AUDIENCE: There is no god but God! Once there was a girl, the daughter of a co-wife.1 And, as everybody knows, a co-wife's daughter usually turns out meaner than her own mother. Her stepmother hated her, always saying to her "Come here" and "Go there" and giving her endless work to do. The stepmother had a daughter of her own about the same age. One day she said to her mother, "Mother, I want to go to the countryside with my sister to gather

V Family Life Although, as we have seen in chapter three, the peer group played a vital role in the early and middle childhood of people in this sample, the adult years for the deaf reintroduces the family as a principal arena of social life. In this chapter I shall discuss the important role that family life plays in the adaptive strategies that people develop as they age. Deaf children who have had little contact with deaf adults frequently have no conception of what their life will be like in adulthood. They ask basic questions about themselves, such

The concept of a social contract is not, apparently, unique to Locke and other Western thinkers. In South America the notion is commonly held that human beings must constrain their animal desires to enjoy the fruits of living together. The problem seems to be how to reconcile oneself to the fact that man is a solitary animal condemned to live in herds. Roe 1982: 229–30 Judging from the favorite stories told around the evening fire, the main dilemma of Matsigenka family life is balancing the selfish and willful de- sires of the individual against the compromises

ten The Impact on Family Life It was a kingdom of elders where the youngsters lived lavishly. Rustam Kaliyev That is what this war has brought for me. It took from me the most sacred thing every person possesses—my parents. I must live with it all my life now. I do not know how long I shall last. Malika Salgriyeva 151 THE SOCIOLOGY OF THE CHECHEN FAMILY As it is in all contemporary societies, the family is the primary social institution in Chechnya, and before the conflict, nuclear family structures and marriage customs there were essentially similar to those in

X Family Life: Infancy to Early Adulthood Abstract discussion is important to an understanding of social organization, but a concrete knowledge of the commonplace activities of everyday living is equally important in understanding the functioning of a culture. The description of the family system, which was the subject of chapter v, could give only a few hints of the details of daily family life. The customs concerning the birth and early life of children, the influences which are brought to bear on them from both the family and the community, their

XI Family Life: Maturity and Old Age After marriage, a young man and a young woman are recognized as mature members of the village community. They are not unprepared for the rou- tines of their daily lives, for both, from childhood, have been acquiring the skills they will use throughout life, and have been continually made aware of their responsibilities. The main burden of their obligations comes in mature life, that is, from the time of marriage to late middle age, when their children are growing up and their parents and grandparents are grow- ing old

FOUR The Family Life of William Byrd William Byrd was not a callous man, nor an impassive one. He was certainly not crazy. Yet, in the spring of 1710, as his little boy lay dying, he displayed an indifference that is baffling if not bizarre. For more than three weeks, while his son's fate hung in perilous sus- pension, Byrd scarcely troubled to try to turn the course of the fatal fever. He hardly bothered to treat the child himself, though he diag- nosed and dosed friends and veritable strangers on half a dozen occa- sions during the same days. He did not call in

11 Family Life in new China ye Duzheng was no leist, but he returned to China within a year of the Commu- nist takeover. if the Communists had not emerged victorious in the Civil War, he might never have returned: China under the nationalists was too corrupt and chaotic. e founding of the People’s republic of China (PrC) in 1949 inspired new hope for the country. As Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist armies collapsed in the final year of the Civil War, first Beijing and tianjin were “liberated,” then the Commu- nist forces swept southward to occupy Shanghai and the

overwhelming majority of the lesbian couples to whom I spoke about fi nances and the division of house hold labor. Studies of heterosexual family life tell us that, with few exceptions, power dynamics and gender stratifi cation in these families are defi ned by men’s greater earning power, in combination with gender ideologies. Even when husbands earn less than their wives, a norm of greater male power and decision- making authority is the dominant or ga niz ing prin- ciple.1 Since the 1970s, feminist research on the division of labor in families has strongly

11 Family Life and the Life Cycle in Rural China Arthur P. Wolf In the Western world marriage creates new families by robbing old families of their children. In China marriage gives old families a future by exchanging daughters for daughters-in-law. If a family has no sons or is in desperate need of labor, a daughter may remain in her parent's home where she is joined by her husband, and in this case the husband may agree to assign one or more of his children to his wife's father's descent line. More commonly and ideally, the wife joins her husband