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Communicating Effectively in the New Global Office

"communication frustration"—stress and anxiety that builds up in children with communication difficulties. It can lead . . .scarily . . .to decreased "motivation to communicate." That is to say that children who experience ongoing stress and anxiety through communication can draw the conclusion that "it is not worth trying to communicate." This often leads to behavior problems, decreased social en- gagement . . . and can lead to isolation, depression. . . . c) actually increases oral communication. It is now widely and internationally understood that the old idea that

that this study has demonstrated its usefulness in the grand cinematic tool chest, its facility in providing exposition, condensing time, motivating flashbacks, underscoring characters' flaws, parodying other texts, and so on. But the fact that the tech- nique is useful does not account for its emotional appeal. How does hearing a voice, as opposed to seeing an image or reading a title, affect us? Throughout his career of studying oral communication, Walter Ong, S. J., has stressed that sound creates a sense of connection. He argues that "by contrast with vision, the

.”38 Yet this ignores the long tra- dition of news dissemination via oral communication, which is not i n t r o d u c t i o n [ 7 ] media but can be false news.39 Similarly, in 2017, Hunt Allcott and Matthew Gentzkow defined fake news as “news articles that are in- tentionally and verifiably false, and could mislead readers.”40 How- ever, fake news content exists in formats beyond articles such as oral communication, online videos, and broadcast news media.41 Other scholars have looked at the intended purpose of the con- tent as a determining factor in whether to

geophysical surveys were used to determine the thickness of the glacial deposits around the perimeter of the lake. These measurements ranged from 0 to more than 30 m, and are estimated to have error of about 10 percent (John Lane, U. S. Geological Survey, oral communication 2007). Of the three terms on the right side of Equation 4-3, A probably has the least uncertainty. Groundwater fl uxes were calculated on a monthly basis. Because K and A are constant, monthly fl uxes were determined using the average I for each month. The water budgets calculated using the

22 MERCURY CYCLING IN THE ENVIRONMENT Powdered cinnabar was used to decorate gold masks during the Formative Period in Peru (1000–400 BCE) (De Lavalle, 1992; Shimada and Griffi n, 2005); as a mural pig- ment (Muelle and Wells, 1939; Bonavia, 1985; Brooks et al., 2006); for painting warriors’ bodies and as a cosmetic for the elite Inca women (Brown, 2001); and for funeral prep- arations (Maravelaki-Kalaitzaki and Kallithrakas-Kontos, 2003; John Verano, Ph.D., anthropologist, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, oral communication, December 12, 2005). Wooden

the fact that I am a Jew."1 Throughout the period the letter composed in Hebrew remains the chief means of communication, especially for individuals with a certain cultural affinity. In spite of the opportunities offered by demographic concentration for the development of oral communication, writing re- mained the indisputed queen of the field, to be dethroned only at a later date as a result of the decline in the knowledge of Hebrew. The use of writing in the place of oral discourse is one component to be related to the features of the culture of their Christian

of confl icts over ownership and access, inclusion and exclusion, within the built environments of religion. Crucial to the transmission of religion, communication media have been thoroughly material in the history of religions. Against the back- ground of face-to-face oral communication, Régis Debray has charted the shifts from writing to printed texts to audiovisual media as comprehensive reorientations in the materiality of religious communication.11 First, in the logosphere of writing, techniques were developed—pictographic, ide- ographic, and phonetic

(1901) did, as the “varied expressions of God’s love” (p. 556). Indeed, the emphatic declaration of nature’s wonders sur- rounds us in these places and at times fills us with a sense of our best, of awe and inspiration. So how do we understand and know these places? Over the years, I have had the great fortune of visiting many of our parks and learning from them. In the early 1980s, I guided tours and served as an oral communication specialist in Glacier and North Cas- cades National Parks, respectively. Since then, my career in ethnogra- phy of communication and

: a Florentine hand c. 1530, by the same author as Uffizi, no. 642 6F. Suggested by Shearman (oral communication 1962) as Franciabigio, c. 1521? I accept the Francia- bigio attribution without reservation, but see it belonging to a date c. 1523 or more likely the end of 1524, possibly associable with a late lost or un- executed Pietà (cat. 41). The drawing reveals a 175 Catalogue Raisonné knowledge of the dead Christ from Sarto's Pietà from Luco Mugello of 1523-1524 more than of Sarto's Vienna Pietà of c. 1520 or Fra Barto- lommeo's version of 1517 . In