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United States Policy The political picture in India indicates another five to ten years of rela- tive stability. The threats to this in the near future are external aggression or, internally, an unexpected splitting of the Congress or a sharp deteriora- tion of the economic situation. In the longer run, the continuation of the present economic stagnation could seriously threaten India's present gov- ernmental structure and stability. The probability of a five to ten year period of stability, however, gives time for the development and application of policies

VI The United States As in other countries, the federal government was slow to enact hous- ing legislation in the United States. Regulation of housing in the United States before World War I was largely confined to municipal or state tenement house codes. The New York Tenement House Law, enacted in 1867, was the prototype for municipal restrictive legislation in the field of housing. Following the amendment of the New York law in 1901, a number of cities and a few states enacted similar laws establish- ing minimum standards of light, air, sanitation, and

62 America, “discovered” and named by Spaniards on their way to Asia, gave rise to these United States. The nation emerged from the imperialist world-system, beginning as a plantation colony on the European periphery. But like many other settler colonies the world over, the colony rose up in rebellion against its masters, gained its independence, and became a core nation itself through its concentration of capital, deployment of labor, and imperial powers. Long before English settlers fi rst established a beachhead on Virginia’s shore—the prelude for the

P a r t t h r e e United States Economists are winning; not hydrologists. Mark Rude, on the overdrafting of the Ogallala Aquifer Co lor ad o R iver 789 56 4 3 2 1 Assateague Island UNITED STATES CAL. VIRG.COLO. IND. ILL. KAN. NEV. UTAH Arkansas River 10 1112 38ºN 500 miles M ississippi River Map 3. United States 1. Chesapeake Bay; 2. Charlottesville, Virginia; 3. Charleston, West Virginia; 4. Lexington, Kentucky; 5. Rolla, Missouri; 6. Dodge City; 7. Pueblo, Colorado; 8. Moab, Utah; 9. Pioche, Nevada; 10. Tonopah, Nevada; 11. Mono Lake; 12. San Francisco

A Global History of America's Endless Conflicts, from Columbus to the Islamic State

. Comparisons with the United States In the federal systems of Canada and the United States, the estab- lishment of local government institutions is a responsibility of the provinces and the states, respectively. Explanations of the metropoli- tan reformers' generally greater success in Canada usually cite at least two relevant factors that distinguish Canadian provincial governments from their American equivalents. First, Canadian provinces have a parliamentary system of government in which executive leaders, backed by disciplined legislative majorities, find it easier

C H A P T E R F O U R The United States Competitive Graduate Schools International comparisons at the end of the twentieth century strongly support the impression that American education is weak, even highly defective, at the elementary and secondary levels and strong, even highly effective, at the tertiary level, with the highest program, "grad- uate education," appearing as a tower of strength. This advanced tier has made American higher education the world's leading magnet sys- tem, drawing advanced students from around the world who seek high