List of Illustrations vii
Preface, Acknowledgments, and Apologies ix
Sex Magic, Modernity, and the Search for Liberation 1
1. the recurring nightmare, the elusive secret
Historical and Imaginary Roots of Sex Magic in the Western
2. sex power is god power
Paschal Beverly Randolph and the Birth of Sex Magic in
Victorian America 55
3. the yoga of sex
Tantra, Kama Sutra, and Other Exotic Imports from the
Mysterious Orient 81
4. the beast with two backs
Aleister Crowley and Sex Magick in Late VictorianEngland 109
5. the yoga of
of the University of California
Some parts of this book have been published previously in somewhat different form.
Chapter 2: "Colonial Encounters in Late-VictorianEngland: Pandita Ramabai at
Cheltenham and Wantage, 1883-86", Feminist Review 49 (spring 1995): 29-49.
Chapter 4: "The Wanderings of a "Pilgrim Reformer": Behramji Malabari in Late-
Victorian London", Gender and History 8, no. 2 (August 1996): 175-96; and "Making a
Spectacle of Empire: Indian Travellers in Fin-de-Siecle London", History Workshop
Journal 42 (1996): 96-117.
Library of Congress
reading of European history, Mark Twain began to
pour into his book a savage attack on feudalism, which he regarded as stilt
very much alive in the laws and institutions of the Old World, especially
in VictorianEngland. He lost the optimistic belief in a perfectible world
with which he had endowed his hero, Hank Morgan. Instead, he adopted
a critical stance toward the entrepreneurial capitalism that Hank calls a
"new deal" for the backward kingdom.
What Hank sees as he journeys through the realm, first with the book's
heroine, Sandy, and then with King Arthur
Smith, The Adventures of Mr. Ledbury (London, 1844), p. 228, quoted in Myron F.
Brightfield, VictorianEngland in Its Novels: 1840-1870 (Los Angeles, 1968), 1:400. T h e four
quotations that follow are also cited in Brightfield.
III. Imagination in the Suburb •
29. Villa, from J. C. Loudon, The Suburban Gardener
and Villa Companion (1838).
30. Fountain, Napoleon willow, and arch tent
in a "second-rate" garden, Drayton Green, near London, 1838,
from J. C. Loudon, The Suburban Gardener and Villa Companion (1838).
• W A L T E R L. C R E E S E