Religious Freedom in the Panopticon
of Enlightenment Rationality
Peter G. Danchin
The contract may have been regarded as the ideal foundation of law and political power;
panopticism constituted the technique, universally widespread, of coercion. It continued to
work in depth on the juridical structures of society, in order to make the effective mecha-
nisms of power function in opposition to the formal framework that it had acquired. The
“Enlightenment,” which discovered the liberties, also invented the disciplines.—Michel
. Beyond Establishment 207
Lori G. Beaman
Chapter 18. The Bishops, the Sisters, and Religious Freedom 220
Elizabeth A. Castelli
Chapter 19. The World That Smith Made 231
Winnifred Fallers Sullivan
Chapter 20. Religious Freedom in the Panopticon
of Enlightenment Rationality 240
Peter G. Danchin
Chapter 21. Everson’s Children 253
PART 4 . Freedom
Preface Saba Mahmood 265
Chapter 22. Protecting Freedom of Religion in the Secular Age 269
Chapter 23. Freeing Religion at the Birth of South Sudan 280
Chapter 24. Is
, where the concept, despite having a genuinely
long- lived history, has also acquired new urgency.2
Yet participation as conventionally defined— primarily with reference
to formal political institutions— no longer fits our present circumstances.
Neither the paradigm of representative democracy nor that of deliberative
democracy seems fully adequate to our circumstances. Enlightenment- era
ideals of individual self- interest and sovereign agency, as well as their post-
modernist critiques, leave us underequipped to cultivate political agency in
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de France, 1985.
Barrera, Guillaume. “Montesquieu et la mer.” Revue Montesquieu 2 (1998): 7–44.
Bartlett, Robert C. The Idea of Enlightenment: A Post-mortem Study. Toronto: Uni-
versity of Toronto Press, 2001.
186 works cited
Bianchi, Lorenzo. “Histoire et nature: La religion dans L’Esprit des lois.” In Le
Temps de Montesquieu. See Porret and Volpilhac-Auger.
Carrithers, David W., Michael Mosher, and Paul A. Rahe, eds. Montesquieu’s Sci-
ence of Politics: Essays on The Spirit of Laws