On December 20, 1931, readers of the New York Times opened its pages to
find a striking analysis of the global scene by the British writer and frequent
Times contributor P. W. Wilson. Rather than dividing the world into West
and non- West, or democracies, monarchies, autocracies, and colonies, Wil-
son discerned a battle between Judeo- Christian and authoritarian regimes.
He identified the militantly secularizing states founded by Lenin and Ataturk
as “alternatives to the Judeo- Christian faith.” Grounding political systems in
deeper, cultural structures