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Practical Strategies for Managing Research, Service, and Teaching

1 3 5 A D D R E S S E S T O F A C U L T Y VO L U M E E D I T O R ’ S I N T RO D U C T I O N In her addresses to the Saint-Cyr faculty, the Dames de Saint-Louis, Main-tenon details her philosophy of education. The primary objective of edu- cation is moral, with religious piety serving as the foundation of the virtues to be cultivated. Rather than focusing on the details of curriculum, Main- tenon emphasizes the moral character of the teacher. It is the teacher’s suc- cessful modeling of the virtues and her capacity to draw moral lessons from academic and

137 27 } Creating Faculty Writing Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T here are basically two kinds of writing groups: those that offer content critique and those that offer support for the writing process. Creative writing programs focus on what is called “workshopping.” This is a content- oriented process where participants read portions of their writing to others for com- ments and suggestions. This kind of writing group is not what aca- demic writers need. We academics

2 The Faculty Is the University here is a famous story about General Dwight T Eisenhower’s introduction as Columbia Univer- sity’s new president. The general was escorted about the cam- pus, met with trustees, greeted administrators, and finally attended a meeting of the faculty. He opened his remarks by saying how pleased he was to meet with the employee^" of Co- lumbia. Professor I. I. Rabi, distinguished senior faculty mem- ber and future Nobel Prize winner, rose and said with measured dignity, “Sir, the faculty are not the employees of Columbia

177 It is sometimes asserted that higher education institutions are ineffi cient and wasteful. Perhaps they are.1 Whatever else is going on, however, faculty continue to be a major source of cost and account for more than two- thirds of instructional expenditures at public universities. Deploying faculty effi - ciently (or more effi ciently) should surely be part of any optimizing strategy on the part of a college or university. The principal issue addressed in this chapter is the extent to which faculty in research universities are deployed effi

skepticism and for personal freedom. The fifth part of this study stages a new conflict of the faculties. It pursues the question whether our own experience of freedom is an illusion, as some claim anew, or whether the illusion instead does not afflict those who deny free- dom (chapter 16). Because the second answer turns out to be more convincing, the following chapter develops the notion of freedom as personal autonomy (chapter 17). And a concluding outlook does not deny that humans pay a price for what, according to the great theorist of freedom Kant

c h a p t e r f o u r Chemistry in the Medical Faculty In September 1718, the professor of botany and medicine at the Univer- sity of Leiden, Herman Boerhaave, presented an oration to the university community on the occasion of his inauguration to the chair of chemistry, his second on the medical faculty. In this oration titled De Chemia suos Er- rores Expurgante, he lambasted some of the systems of chemical medicine that had been popular in the preceding century, notably that of the illustri- ous Leiden professor François de le Boë, more widely know by his

1 1 Reimagining Paths to Faculty Vitality in Higher Education A new faculty member at a selective liberal arts college looks for ways to balance teaching, research, and service requirements while adjusting to life at a rural land- grant institution after completing his PhD at an urban campus. In another department, a part- time, non- tenure- track faculty member enjoys teaching at two very different universities but continues a frustrating search for a permanent po- sition in the area because his partner has a good, stable job locally. A pre- tenure faculty

S I X Colonial Medicine at the Paris Faculty of Medicine The rapid movement which leads medicine into the current of parasitology can- not be stopped. In reality these two branches of general biology seem more or less distinct, but, as two rivers whose waters meet and fl ow side by side for a cer- tain distance soon come together, so parasitology may include almost the entire domain of medicine.1 —Raphaël Blanchard The Place of Paris The career of this chapter’s central personage, parasitologist and Paris Fac- ulty of Medicine professor Raphaël Blanchard

2 “The faculTy of inVenTion”: GameS, play, and maThS Many of Carroll’s scientific and mathematical contemporaries particu- larly favored wit, fancy, and play as engines of the scientific imagina- tion. Possible worlds, probability, and ideas of space curved or flat were all eagerly under debate among mathematicians, logicians, and philoso- phers. These preoccupations were closely linked to games and play and Carroll was, as his life, his poems, and his Alice books demonstrate, an inveterate inventor and participant in all kinds of play as well as a pro