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the train according to his original plan, he contacted a lawyer. He soon filed for civil rehabilita- tion, sought psychological counseling at the urging of his attorney, and gave up thoughts of suicide. Sadly, many debtors in Japan jump. In , , Japanese commit- ted suicide—about  per day, a figure that, as we will see below, is high by international standards.1 Of these, , left suicide notes. Police who investigate the suicides divide the notes by category based on the primary reason for suicide mentioned in the notes. The largest group, , vic

5 Explaining the Rise in Youth Suicide David M. Cutler, Edward L. Glaeser, and Karen E. Norberg Emile Durkheim’s Suicide documented a monotonically increasing rela- tion between age and suicide. Such a relation has been observed repeatedly since the beginning of the nineteenth century, making it one of the most robust facts about suicide. The differences in suicide rates by age are very large. In the United States in 1950, for example, suicide rates were four times higher for adults (ages twenty-five to sixty-four) than for youths (ages fifteen to twenty

Studying Slave Suicide: An Essay on Sources In the seventeenth century, an agent aboard slave ships reported that Akan and Gold Coast Africans were “headstrong” in their commitment to death. By the late 1700s, a slave owner described suicide as “not uncommon” among enslaved men and women in the West Indies. And in the three decades before the Civil War, two former slaves depicted self- destruction as more “frequent” than was “generally supposed,” while a third asserted that “thousands” of enslaved people in the United States had died by their own hands.1

chapter one Why Occupation Ignites Suicide Terrorism Almost every week, suicide bombers attack—either a military convoy or market, either in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, or other targets in other countries around the world. We know the horror. We know not to be surprised, even though attacks in certain countries can come after long periods of relative calm. But, do we understand what would drive seem- ingly ordinary people to strap explosives to their bodies and deliberately kill themselves on a mission to kill others? Recently, we have made strides in

introduction Why Focus on Suicide Terrorism The right kind of public debate on terrorism is finally beginning.For years after 9/11, the national discussion about how to deal with terrorism seemed to be frozen with little true debate about the root causes of the threat we face. First, we lived through the fear and anger in the im- mediate aftermath of that terrible day. Next, we lived through a period of hastily constructed responses, which led not only to the necessary war in Afghanistan to eliminate Al Qaeda’s sanctuary there, but also the poorly based

gave us to understand that she had done everything she could to make herself drown, but that she had not been able to succeed in this, nature obstructing her destruction and making her, in spite of herself, employ the swimming ability and buoyancy she had acquired [earlier in life]. —Jean Barbot, Description of the Coasts of Guinea, 16881 O n e Suicide and the Transatlantic Slave Trade On ships crossing the Atlantic, from the African coast to American ports, captive Africans leapt into the ocean or refused to eat. They strangled and hanged themselves. They tore

83 n N T H R E E Embodied Ascent, Meditation, & Yogic Suicide In the last chapter, I argued that an archaic warrior soteriol- ogy was narrativized in epic accounts of dying heroes who, “hitched to their rigs,” charged up from the field of battle to pierce the orb of the sun and attain the world of the im- mortal gods. In the present chapter, I will trace the ways in which this paradigm was transferred onto another set of ac- tors, who, through their esoteric knowledge of the true na- ture of the self as well as of powerful spells (the mantra OṂ or AUṂ in

Brought to the Work- House. December 12, 1758. A young Mandingo negro man, who calls himself caesar, and says he belongs to William Godfrey, Gordon, or Goddard at Pedee, has lost a tooth in the upper and lower jaw, and has on an old white negro cloth jacket and breeches. Says his master had a negro that killed himself, and his being ordered to cut the dead negro’s head off was the occasion of his running away. —South Carolina Gazette, 17591 I n t r o D u c t I o n the Problem of Suicide in north American Slavery In December 1758, an escaped slave named

307 10 Suicide, Age, and Well- Being An Empirical Investigation Anne Case and Angus Deaton 10.1 Introduction This chapter juxtaposes well- being measures and suicide rates. We use data from the United States and from other countries to examine patterns of suicide and well- being by age and across space. Information on self- reported well- being (SWB) is now widely used in economics. Self- reported well- being measures correlate with traditional real income measures in the expected way, but are also sensitive to a wide range of other welfare- related

clicks starts and continues for approximately seventeen seconds] [whirring sound similar to electric seat motor operating, also heard through the first officer’s hot microphone system] [sound of two faint thumps, one louder thump, two clicks, and two thumps] Co-pilot: I rely on God Co-pilot: I rely on God [four tones similar to Master Caution aural beeper] Co-pilot: I rely on God Co-pilot: I rely on God The Fifty-One Percent Rule of Suicide  Co-pilot: I rely on God Co-pilot: I rely on God [sound of loud thump] Co-pilot: I rely on God Pilot: What’s happening? What