It is perhaps our noblest cause, and certainly one of our oldest: to end suffering. Think of the Buddha, Chuang Tzu, or Marcus Aurelius: stoically composed figures impervious to the torments of the wider world, living their lives in complete serenity—and teaching us how to do the same. After all, isn’t a life free from suffering the ideal? Isn’t it what so many of us seek? Absolutely not, argues Todd May in this provocative but compassionate book. In a moving examination of life and the trials that beset it, he shows that our fragility, our ability to suffer, is actually one of the most important aspects of our humanity.
May starts with a simple but hard truth: suffering is inevitable. At the most basic level, we suffer physically—a sprained ankle or a bad back. But we also suffer insults and indifference. We suffer from overburdened schedules and unforeseen circumstances, from moral dilemmas and emotional heartaches. Even just thinking about our own mortality—the fact that we only live one life—can lead us to tremendous suffering. No wonder philosophies such as Buddhism, Taosim, Stoicism, and even Epicureanism—all of which counsel us to rise above these plights—have had appeal over the centuries. May highlights the tremendous value of these philosophies and the ways they can guide us toward better lives, but he also exposes a major drawback to their tenets: such invulnerability is too emotionally disengaged from the world, leading us to place too great a distance between ourselves and our experience. Rather than seeking absolute immunity, he argues most of us just want to hurt less and learn how to embrace and accept what suffering we do endure in a meaningful way.
Offering a guide on how to positively engage suffering, May ultimately lays out a new way of thinking about how we exist in the world, one that reassures us that our suffering, rather than a failure of physical or psychological resilience, is a powerful and essential part of life itself.
Todd May is the Class of 1941 Memorial Professor of philosophy at Clemson University. He is the author of many books, including
A Significant Life, also published by the University of Chicago Press.
“Would that all academics wrote as clearly as Todd May! He’s a real teacher, who proves that much, if not all, of what’s expressed in abstruse prose can be said in a manner that any attentive mind can readily understand.
A Fragile Life is a clear and honest exploration, illustrated by helpful stories, of how we should think about our vulnerability to suffering. It will appeal to anyone who’s interested in how philosophy can illuminate and guide our lives.”
— Scott Samuelson, author of The Deepest Human Life
“With an astonishing capacity to travel across philosophical traditions and with his usual grace in rendering deep philosophical issues through an accessible language, May tackles here one of the most pressing existential questions of our time: are we vulnerable, and, if so, why? This is a must read for anybody who has ever asked herself ‘What am I doing here?’”
— Chiara Bottici, author of Imaginal Politics: Images Beyond Imagination and the Imaginary
"His discussion of the ways in which those who try to make themselves invulnerable — especially in the face of Large Matters — undermine what makes us most human, is clearand bracing. Importantly, May underscores that it is not that we wish to grieve, or be saddened, by the death of a loved one. Instead, 'each of us wants to be the
kind of person[May’s italics] who can suffer at certain misfortunes. Being able to suffer in the case of Large Matters is an expression not only of who we are but of who we want to be.'"
— Los Angeles Review of Books
“Very few books have struck this reviewer as both poetic and so very real at the same moment. May’s
A Fragile Lifedoes exactly that.It is not scientific and it is not ‘new age.’It is a deeply felt and touchingly presented view of how to be human—and live with that! If the reader can accept May’s starting premise—that all human beings suffer—then the rest will be easy to digest.Does one want to choose to linger in that suffering or accept it as an unavoidable part of a life worth living? If one chooses the latter, May offers encouragement and guidance on how to do this—one day at time. Most (if not all) 12-step programs suggest living by this motto, but few authors have found a way to make this practice applicable to the lives of all.May makes this work.It is not about avoiding suffering or pretending bad things have not happened.May shows the reader how to accept that vulnerability and be strong in spite of it.This text is strongly recommended for all readers who happen to be human! Highly recommended.”