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Open Access Policy

> Overview Rights & Permissions

Copyright gives the copyright holder – you, our author –  exclusive legal rights over how others use your work. We use Creative Commons licensing so that you retain the copyright of any work that you publish with De Gruyter.

All articles in our pure OA journals are published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/] license, unless otherwise requested.

All articles in our hybrid OA journals, as well as books and book chapters published with us, are made available under either the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/] or Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerical-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/] license.