You might ask: what is new in textiles? And is it worth to go for a special issue about medical textile in BioNanoMaterials? Indeed textile engineering is as old as the manhood, but as relevant as seldom before. Textile materials are one of the most important biomaterials in use, because “We are textile products!”. The biomechanical properties of the human body are mainly defined by fibre structures, like e.g., collagen bundles, elastic fibres, myofibrils, fibrin fibres, fibrous cartilage, and ligament.
The modern textile engineering offers a multi-scale toolbox for the development of medical implants on the (1) the molecular level of polymer science and biochemical functionalisation, on the (2) nano/micro-scale level of fibre production (e-spinning, melt-, wet-, dry-spinning) and on the (3) meso/macro-scale level for the production of 2D and 3D structures by weaving, knitting, braiding and by assembling technologies like tailoring, sewing, (ultrasound) welding.
This special issue provides an insight into the multifaceted world of textile engineering and its relevance for clinical application. All published articles reflect the multi-scale approaches of textile engineering: Otto et al. report about the incorporation of ferrooxid nano-particles in PVDF fibres for MR-Visualization of surgical textile implants. An important method, which will provide important information about the behaviour of textiles implants .
On the nano- to micro-scale level Tammaro et al.  describe a method of fabrication of electrospun polylactide/ß-tricalcium phosphate hybrid meshes for potential applications in hard tissue repair and herewith they underline the importance of textile scaffold materials in the broad field of regenerative medicine. On the micro scale level Schuster et al.  demonstrate the successful production of elastic filaments from thermoplastic polyurethanes with high elasticity for the application in mesh implants. The optimized combination of fibre and structure elasticity is one key factor to overcome the major problem of compliance mismatch between the implant and the connected tissue. The effects of different biomechanical behaviours of different textile implants are shown in the manuscript by Frotscher and Staat . The in silico analysed load distribution of two different textile slings for the treatment of urinary incontinence gives a realistic impression of the impact of the textile structure on the clinical outcome.
Antibacterial function is an important clinical aspect not only for medical textiles. Therefore the manuscript “Antibacterial polymers with a dendritic zinc-hybrid having reduced biofilm formation and biocompatible properties suitable for medical applications” by Gladitz et al.  has been chosen as special highlight publication in that issue.
We hope you will enjoy this special issue and you are keeping in mind that you are a part of this textile world.
Otto J, Kuehnert N, Busch D, Lambertz A, Klink C, Hansen NL, et al. MR-visualization of surgical textile implants. BioNanoMat 2014;15:3–8.Google Scholar
Tammaro L, Vittoria V, Wyrwa R, Weisser J, Beer B, Thein S, et al. Fabrication and characterization of electrospun polylactide/-tricalcium phosphate hybrid meshes for potential applications in hard tissue repair. BioNanoMat 2014;15:9–20.Google Scholar
Schuster P, Kossel K, Gries T, Jockenhoevel S. Elastic filaments from thermoplastic polyurethanes for application in mesh implants with high elasticity. BioNanoMat 2014;15:21–24.Google Scholar
Frotscher R, Staat M. Stresses produced by different textile mesh implants in a tissue equivalent. BioNanoMat 2014;15:25–30.Google Scholar
Gladitz M, Bauer J, Brückner P, Reinemann S, Wiegand C, Zieger M, et al. Antibacterial polyamides based on a dendritic zinc-hybrid with good biocompatibility showing reduced biofilm formation. BioNanoMat 2014;15:31–46.Google Scholar