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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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Volume 10, Issue 1


Volume 13 (2015)

Application of ICP-MS and various computational methods for drinking water quality assessment from the Silesian District (Southern Poland)

Robert Skorek / Magdalena Jablonska / Marzena Polowniak / Andrzej Kita / Piotr Janoska / Franciszek Buhl
Published Online: 2011-11-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-011-0110-y


In this study, more than 200 samples of drinking water from taps in the Silesian District (southern Poland) were analyzed. Concentrations of As, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sb, Se, Te, Tl and V were measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry technique (ICP-MS). The levels of the tested elements generally met European Union regulations. All analytical results were processed using computational methods, including the Pearson and Gini coefficients with the Lorenz curves, one-way ANOVA, the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance, the Mann-Whitney U test, the variance correlation test and the Spearman’s test. In addition, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) with Varimax and Cluster Analysis with Ward’s Method were applied. It was shown, that some parameters (e.g. hardness and alkalinity) were highly correlated. The score plot described the degree of mineralization of water samples, so the origin of water could be easily determined. In turn, based on the created dendrogram, the division of samples into several groups (with soft, medium and highly mineralized water) could be deduced.

Keywords: Trace elements; Tap water; Environmental analysis; PCA; CA

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-11-24

Published in Print: 2012-02-01

Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 71–84, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-011-0110-y.

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© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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