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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Volume 69, Issue 7


Compressed and moulded wood from processing to products

COST action FP0904 2010–2014: Thermo-hydro-mechanical wood behaviour and processing

Andreja Kutnar
  • Corresponding author
  • Andreja Kutnar, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Muzejski trg 2, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia
  • Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, Glagoljaška 8, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dick Sandberg
  • Wood Science and Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Forskargatan 1, SE-931 87 Skellefteå, Sweden
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Peer Haller
  • Institute of steel and timber structures, Technische Universität Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 10, DE-01069 Dresden, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-05-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2014-0187


This paper presents the state of the art of different wood densification processes as one emerging process technology. The main principles for the processes are discussed, such as bulk and surface densification, bending, moulding of shells and tubes, as well as methods for reducing the shape memory effect of densified wood. The main challenges are in the field of scaling up to industrial applications. To provide a better understanding with this regard, some relevant scientific results are presented. Furthermore, the discussion considers the contribution of thermo-hydro and thermo-hydro-mechanical processes to a sustainable and low-carbon economy.

Keywords: bending; densification; shaping; thermal treatment; thermo-hydro-mechanical treatment; thermo-hydro treatment; wood products


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About the article

Corresponding author: Andreja Kutnar, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Muzejski trg 2, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia; and Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, Glagoljaška 8, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia, e-mail:

Received: 2014-06-29

Accepted: 2015-03-27

Published Online: 2015-05-01

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 69, Issue 7, Pages 885–897, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2014-0187.

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Matthew Schwarzkopf, Michael Burnard, Guillermo Martínez Pastur, Lucas Monelos, and Andreja Kutnar
Wood Material Science & Engineering, 2017, Page 1
Tao Li, Jia-bin Cai, Stavros Avramidis, Da-li Cheng, Magnus E.P. Wålinder, and Ding-guo Zhou
Holzforschung, 2017, Volume 71, Number 6
Claude Feldman Pambou Nziengui, Samuel Ikogou, and Rostand Moutou Pitti
Wood Material Science & Engineering, 2017, Page 1
Pierre-Yves Lallart, Jörg Wehsener, Jens Hartig, and Peer Haller
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2017, Volume 75, Number 2, Page 281
Jens U. Hartig, Jörg Wehsener, and Peer Haller
Construction and Building Materials, 2016, Volume 126, Page 527
Aoi Hirano, Eiichi Obataya, and Koji Adachi
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2016, Volume 74, Number 5, Page 685

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