Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
Weitere Optionen …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Wissenschaftlicher Beirat: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Alle Formate und Preise
Weitere Optionen …
Band 26, Heft 3


Adolescents’ view of health concept and its risk factors: a literature review

Soroor Parvizi
  • Department of Nursing, Iran Nursing and Midwifery School, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran
  • Weitere Artikel des Autors:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi
  • Korrespondenzautor
  • Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Centre, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences; and Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Midwifery Department, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Vesal Street, Amir Mazandarani Boulevard, Sari, Mazandaran Province, Iran
  • E-Mail
  • Weitere Artikel des Autors:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Online erschienen: 01.02.2014 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2013-0311


Background: Adolescence is the important period in human life. It is an essential prerequisite for playing social roles.

Objective: The current study conducted a review on the concept, dimensions, and influential factors on health and risk taking, instruments and measurements of high-risk behaviors, risk factors, and high-risk behavior protective factors through adolescent perspectives.

Methods: This literature review was conducted by electronic searching and library study on health and adolescents using Wiley Interscience, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and Springer (1990–2012). The keywords for searching data collection sources included health, youth, young, adolescents, risk behaviors, risk taking, related factors, protective factors, risk factors, adolescent perspectives, quantitative study, qualitative study, measurement, and instrument.

Results: This literature review led to the arrangement of subjects in nine general categories titled definition of health concept and its dimensions, adolescents and health in adolescence, risk taking in adolescence and its measuring tools, gender differences in adolescence health and risk taking, adolescents’ health and relationships, socioeconomic conditions and health, adolescents and psychiatric health, religion, and health, educational facilities and health, non-governmental organizations and their role in adolescents’ health. What has been achieved from a review of these articles is that several personal, social, and family factors are associated with health and risk taking in adolescents.

Conclusion: Generally, adolescents cared more about the psychosocial aspects of health than the physical dimensions. They also considered factors such as independence, communication, socioeconomic conditions, mental health, religion, and educational facilities synonymous with the concept of health. Therefore, in formulation and implementation of health promotion programs for adolescents, the concept of health and its various dimensions must be considered from adolescent perspectives.

Keywords: adolescence; health; perspective; risk factors


  • 1.

    Vedadhir A, Hani SS, Ahmadi B. A content analysis of Iranians scientific and academic health journals. Woman Dev Politics (Women’s Res) 2008;6:133–55.Google Scholar

  • 2.

    Parvizy S, Ahmadi F, Nasrabad AN. An identity-based model for adolescent health in the Islamic Republic of Iran: a qualitative study. East Mediterr Health J 2008;14:869–79.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Patton GC, Viner RM, Linh LC, Ameratunga S, Fatusi AO, et al. Mapping a global agenda for adolescent health. J Adolesc Health 2010;47:427–32.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Parvizi S, Sepahvand F, Sanagu A, Razzaghi N. Adolescents’ health: a qualitative study on adolescents in Khorramabad. Iran J Nurs 2008;21:61–72.Google Scholar

  • 5.

    Park K. Park’s textbook of social and preventive medicine. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, 2002.Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Parvizi S, Ghasemzadeh KF, Seyed Fatemi N. Social factors contributing in women health in Tehran City: a qualitative study. Iran J Nurs Res 2010;15:6–15.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    World Health Organization. Orientation programme on adolescent health for health-care providers. Geneva: Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH), World Health Organization; Commonwealth Medical Association Trust and UNICEF, 2006. Available from: http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/documents/9241591269/en/index.html.

  • 8.

    Shahhosseini Z, Simbar M, Ramezankhani A. Female adolescents health-information needs: a qualitative study. J Mazandar Univ Med Sci 2010;20:82–5.Google Scholar

  • 9.

    Parvizi S, Ahmadi F. Adolescence health and friendships, a qualitative study. KAUMS J (FEYZ) 2007;10:46–51.Google Scholar

  • 10.

    Parvizi S, Ahmadi FE, Nikbakht A. A qualitative study of adolescents’ perceptions of health related issues. Payesh 2003;2:245–52.Google Scholar

  • 11.

    Ott MA, Rosenberger JG, McBride KR, Woodcox SG. How do adolescents view health? Implications for state health policy. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:398–403.Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Parvizi S, Aminizadeh K, Sanagou A, Sepahvand F. Exploring the concept of healthy family from adolescents’ perspectives in Zanjan. Iran J Nurs Res 2009;4:7–17.Google Scholar

  • 13.

    Parvizy S, Nikbakht A. The health of adolescent girls and the paradox of freedom and limitations: a qualitative research. Woman Dev Politics (Women’s Res) 2004;2: 5–16.Google Scholar

  • 14.

    Rodham K, Brewer H, Mistral W, Stallard P. Adolescents’ perception of risk and challenge: a qualitative study. J Adolesc 2006;29:261–72.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Nelson M, Kocos R, Lytle L, Perry C. Understanding the perceived determinants of weight-related behaviors in late adolescence: a qualitative analysis among college youth. J Nutr Educ Behav 2009;41:287–92.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Ozer E, Brindis C, Millstein S, Knopf D, Irwin C. America’s adolescents: are they healthy. San Francisco, CA: University of California, San Francisco, National Adolescent Health Information Center, 2003.Google Scholar

  • 17.

    Babor T, Sciamanna C, Pronk N. Assessing multiple risk behaviors in primary care screening issues and related concepts. Am J Prevent Med 2004;27:42–53.Google Scholar

  • 18.

    Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Ross J, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2009. Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep 2010;59:1–142.Google Scholar

  • 19.

    Samuolis J, Hogue A, Dauber S, Liddle H. Autonomy and relatedness in inner-city families of substance abusing adolescents. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse 2006;15:53–86.Google Scholar

  • 20.

    Meschke LL, Patterson JM. Resilience as a theoretical basis for substance abuse prevention. J Prim Prevent 2003;23:483–514.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Chen K, Sheth AJ, Elliott DK, Yeager A. Prevalence and correlates of past-year substance use, abuse, and dependence in a suburban community sample of high-school students. Addict Behav. 2004;29:413–23.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    French MT, Roebuck MC, Dennis ML, Diamond G, Godley SH, et al. The economic cost of outpatient marijuana treatment for adolescents: findings from a multisite field experiment. Addiction 2002;97:84–97.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 23.

    Baheiraei A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Mohammadi MR, Nedjat S, Mohammadi E. Alcohol and drug use prevalence and factors associated with the experience of alcohol use in Iranian adolescents. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2013;15:212–7.Google Scholar

  • 24.

    Croll J, Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M, Ireland M. Prevalence and risk and protective factors related to disordered eating behaviors among adolescents: relationship to gender and ethnicity. J Adolesc Health 2002;31:166–75.Google Scholar

  • 25.

    Donovan JE. Adolescent alcohol initiation: a review of psychosocial risk factors. J Adolesc Health 2004;35:529.e7–e18.Google Scholar

  • 26.

    Brener N, Kann L, McManus T, Kinchen S, Sundberg E, et al. Reliability of the 1999 youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. J Adolesc Health 2002;31:336–42.Google Scholar

  • 27.

    Humbert ML, Chad KE, Spink KS, Muhajarine N, Anderson KD, et al. Factors that influence physical activity participation among high- and low-SES youth. Qual Health Res 2006;16:467–83.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 28.

    Sieverding JA, Adler N, Witt S, Ellen J. The influence of parental monitoring on adolescent sexual initiation. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2005;159:724–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 29.

    Zullig KJ, Pun S, Patton JM, Ubbes VA. Reliability of the 2005 middle school youth risk behavior survey. J Adolesc Health 2006;39:856–60.Google Scholar

  • 30.

    Kolbe LJ. An epidemiological surveillance system to monitor the prevalence of youth behaviors that most affect health. Health Educ 1990;21:24–30.Google Scholar

  • 31.

    Baheiraei A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Mohammadi MR, Nedjat S, Mohammadi E. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2012;14:1–8.Google Scholar

  • 32.

    Flynn RJ. Communities that care: a comprehensive system for youth prevention and promotion, and Canadian applications to date. IPC Rev 2008;2:83–106.Google Scholar

  • 33.

    Chen MY, Wang EK, Yang RJ, Liou YM. Adolescent health promotion scale: development and psychometric testing. Public Health Nurs 2003;20:104–10.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 34.

    Ajuwon AJ, Olaleye A, Faromoju B, Ladipo O. Sexual behavior and experience of sexual coercion among secondary school students in three states in North Eastern Nigeria. BMC Public Health 2006;6:310.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 35.

    World Health Organization. Gender, women, and the tobacco epidemic. Geneva: World Health Organization Library Cataloguing, 2010. Available from: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=15&codcch=788.

  • 36.

    Jerden L, Burell G, Stenlund H, Weinehall L, Bergstrom E. Gender differences and predictors of self-rated health development among Swedish adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:143–50.Google Scholar

  • 37.

    Grunbaum JA, Lowry R, Kann L, Pateman B. Prevalence of health risk behaviors among Asian American/Pacific Islander high school students. J Adolesc Health 2000;27:322–30.Google Scholar

  • 38.

    Baheiraei A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Mohammadi MR, Nedjat S. Violence-related behaviors and self-inflicted injuries among 15–18 year old Iranian adolescents. Indian Pediatr 2011;48:984–5.Google Scholar

  • 39.

    Kann L, Kinchen SA, Williams BI, Ross JG, Lowry R, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 1999. J School Health 2000;70:271–85.Google Scholar

  • 40.

    Shaw A, McMunn A, Field J. The Scottish health survey 1998. Edinburgh: Stationery Office, 2000.Google Scholar

  • 41.

    Hillier LM, Morrongiello BA. Age and gender differences in school-age children’s appraisals of injury risk. J Pediatr Psychol 1998;23:229–38.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 42.

    Morrongiello BA, Midgett C, Stanton KL. Gender biases in childrens appraisals of injury risk and other childrens risk-taking behaviors. J Exp Child Psychol 2000;77:317–36.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 43.

    Soori H, Bhopal R. Parental permission for children’s independent outdoor activities: implications for injury prevention. Eur J Public Health 2002;12:104–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 44.

    Morrongiello BA, Dawber T. Mothers’ responses to sons and daughters engaging in injury-risk behaviors on a playground: implications for sex differences in injury rates. J Exp Child Psychol 2000;76:89–103.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 45.

    Salimi A, Joukar Bahram NR. Internet and communication: perceived social support and loneliness as antecedent variables. Psychol Stud 2009;5:81–102.Google Scholar

  • 46.

    Valkenburg PM, Peter J. Online communication among adolescents: an integrated model of its attraction, opportunities, and risks. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:121–7.Google Scholar

  • 47.

    Mesch GS. Social bonds and Internet pornographic exposure among adolescents. J Adolesc 2009;32:601–18.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 48.

    Kim JH, Lau CH, Cheuk KK, Kan P, Hui HL, et al. Brief report: predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health-promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong university students. J Adolesc 2010;33:215–20.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 49.

    Crutzen R, Peters GJ, Portugal SD, Fisser EM, Grolleman JJ. An artificially intelligent chat agent that answers adolescents’ questions related to sex, drugs, and alcohol: an exploratory study. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:514–9.Google Scholar

  • 50.

    Parvizy S, Ahmadi F. A qualitative study on adolescence, health and family. Mental Health Family Med 2009;6:163–72.Google Scholar

  • 51.

    Mohammad K, Farahani F, Mohammadi M, Alikhani S, Zare M, et al. Sexual risk-taking behaviors among boys aged 15–18 years in Tehran. J Adolesc Health 2007;41:407–14.Google Scholar

  • 52.

    Parvizi S, Ahmadi F, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A. Adolescents’ perspectives on addiction: a qualitative study. Iran J Psychaitry Clin Psychol 2005;10:250–7.Google Scholar

  • 53.

    Parvizi S, Ahmadi F, Mirbazegh S. Concept and factors concerning to health in an adolescent’s point of view (a review article). Shahrekord Univ Med Sci J 2012;14:108–20.Google Scholar

  • 54.

    Soleimaninia L, Jzayeri AP. The role of mental health in incidence of high risk behaviors. Refahe Ejtemaii 2005;5:75–90.Google Scholar

  • 55.

    Jaskiewicz MG. An integrative review of the health care needs of female adolescents. J Nurse Practit 2009;5:274–83.Google Scholar

  • 56.

    Doku D, Koivusilta L, Rainio S, Rimpela A. Socioeconomic differences in smoking among Finnish adolescents from 1977 to 2007. J Adolesc Health 2010;47:479–87.Google Scholar

  • 57.

    Ahmadi K. Cultural, social and educational vulnerability in adolescents and youths. J Behav Sci 2010;4:21–2.Google Scholar

  • 58.

    Sepehrmanesh Z, Ahmadvand A, Yavariparvand SR. Assessing the mental health of adolescents in Kashan, 2004. Iran J Epidemiol 2008;4:43–9.Google Scholar

  • 59.

    Sadock BJ, Kaplan HI, Sadock VA. Kaplan and Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.Google Scholar

  • 60.

    Reid S, Kauer S, Patton G. Using cell phones to detect, treat, and manage adolescent mental health: a randomised controlled trial of the mobile type program in rural and metro primary care Australia. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:S96–7.Google Scholar

  • 61.

    Ramrakha S, Bell ML, Paul C, Dickson N, Moffitt TE, et al. Childhood behavior problems linked to sexual risk taking in young adulthood: a birth cohort study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2007;46:1272–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 62.

    Lanyado M. The handbook of child and adolescent psychotherapy: psychoanalytic approaches. New York: Routledge, 2009.Google Scholar

  • 63.

    Dubas JS, Gerris JR. Longitudinal changes in the time parents spend in activities with their adolescent children as a function of child age, pubertal status and gender. J Fam Psychol 2002;16:415–27.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 64.

    Allen JP, Insabella G, Porter MR, Smith FD, Land D, et al. A social-interactional model of the development of depressive symptoms in adolescence. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006;74:55–65.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 65.

    World Health Organization. Community health needs assessment. An introductory guide for the family health nurse in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, 2001.Google Scholar

  • 66.

    Li Y, Cao J, Lin H, Li D, Wang Y, et al. Community health needs assessment with precede-proceed model: a mixed methods study. BMC Health Serv Res 2009;9:181.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 67.

    Laird RD, Marks LD, Marrero MD. Religiosity, self-control, and antisocial behavior: religiosity as a promotive and protective factor. J Appl Dev Psychol 2011;32:78–85.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 68.

    Dowshen N, Forke CM, Johnson AK, Kuhns LM, Rubin D, et al. Religiosity as a protective factor against HIV risk among young transgender women. J Adolesc Health 2011;48:410–4.Google Scholar

  • 69.

    Shadpour K, Education URCHoP, Communication, Fund UNP. Case study, Islamic Republic of Iran: communication and advocacy strategies: adolescent reproductive and sexual health. Bangkok: UNESCO PROAP Regional Clearing House on Population Education and Communication, 1999.Google Scholar


Corresponding author: Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Centre, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences; and Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Midwifery Department, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Vesal Street, Amir Mazandarani Boulevard, Sari, Mazandaran Province, Iran, Phone: +98-151-22673425, Fax: +98-151-2268915, E-mail:

Erhalten: 21.06.2013

Angenommen: 01.08.2013

Online erschienen: 01.02.2014

Erschienen im Druck: 01.08.2014

Quellenangabe: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Band 26, Heft 3, Seiten 351–359, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2013-0311.

Zitat exportieren

© 2014 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Zitierende Artikel

Hier finden Sie eine Übersicht über alle Crossref-gelisteten Publikationen, in denen dieser Artikel zitiert wird. Um automatisch über neue Zitierungen dieses Artikels informiert zu werden, aktivieren Sie einfach oben auf dieser Seite den „E-Mail-Alert: Neu zitiert“.

Olga Maria Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Kristine Sørensen, Christine Holmberg, and Susanne Jordan
Archives of Public Health, 2018, Jahrgang 76, Nummer 1

Kommentare (0)