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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Predictors of sexual function in pregnant Iranian adolescents

Ellahe Bahrami-vazir
  • Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Mojgan Mirghafourvand
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Islamic Republic of Iran, Phone: 00989143206121, Fax: 00984134796969
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi
  • Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mahin Kamalifard
  • Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-02-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0069



Human sexual activity is one of the main aspects of life. The present study intended to determine the status of sexual function in pregnant adolescents at their second trimester of pregnancy and its predictive factors.

Materials and methods

This cross-sectional research studied 136 adolescents aged 15–19 years in their 24th–30th gestational weeks. All eligible pregnant adolescents in all 80 health centers of Tabriz, Iran were considered as the study samples. The data were collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2). A general linear model was used to determine the relationships between sexual function and socio-demographic characteristics and intimate partner violence (IPV).


The frequency of sexual dysfunction in pregnant adolescents was about 65%. The mean [standard deviation (SD)] of total sexual function score was 25.3 (5.9) from the attainable score of 2–36. The pregnant adolescents obtained the lowest and the highest mean scores in the sexual desire and sexual satisfaction subscales, respectively. Shorter marital duration and IPV were sexual function predictors.


Considering the high prevalence of sexual dysfunction in pregnant adolescent, and the impact of IPV on sexual function, midwives should take the necessary actions in identifying and consulting this disorder and IPV in their prenatal visits.

Keywords: adolescent; intimate partner violence; pregnancy; sexual function


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About the article

Received: 2018-04-05

Accepted: 2018-05-24

Published Online: 2019-02-26

Conflict of interest: No authors had conflict of interest.

Ethical approval: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (No. 5-4-2959 dated June 26, 2014).

Informed consent: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180069, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0069.

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