Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Forum for Health Economics & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Goldman, Dana

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.30

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.140
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.098

Online
ISSN
1558-9544
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Impact of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Educational Outcomes

Phillip B Levine / Diane Schanzenbach
Published Online: 2009-05-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1558-9544.1137

This paper examines the impact of public health insurance expansions through both Medicaid and SCHIP on children's educational outcomes, measured by 4th and 8th grade reading and math test scores, available from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). We use a triple difference estimation strategy, taking advantage of the cross-state variation over time and across ages in children's health insurance eligibility. Using this approach, we find that test scores in reading, but not math, increased for those children affected at birth by increased health insurance eligibility. A 50 percentage point increase in eligibility is found to increase reading test scores by 0.09 standard deviations. We also examine whether the improvements in educational outcomes can be at least partially attributed to improvements in health status itself. First, we provide further evidence that increases in eligibility are linked to improvements in health status at birth. Second, we show that better health status at birth (measured by rates of low birth-weight and infant mortality), is linked to improved educational outcomes. Although the methods used to support this last finding do not completely eliminate potentially confounding factors, we believe it is strongly suggestive that improving children's health will improve their classroom performance.

Keywords: test scores; health insurance; birth weight; Medicaid; SCHIP

About the article

Published Online: 2009-05-01


Citation Information: Forum for Health Economics & Policy, ISSN (Online) 1558-9544, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1558-9544.1137.

Export Citation

©2011 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Alfonso Flores-Lagunes and Troy Timko
American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2015, Volume 97, Number 2, Page 414
[2]
Laura R. Wherry, Genevieve M. Kenney, and Benjamin D. Sommers
Academic Pediatrics, 2016, Volume 16, Number 3, Page S98
[3]
Michel H. Boudreaux, Ezra Golberstein, and Donna D. McAlpine
Journal of Health Economics, 2016, Volume 45, Page 161
[4]
Anna Gassman-Pines and Zoelene Hill
Child Development Perspectives, 2013, Volume 7, Number 3, Page 172
[5]
Juergen Jung, Diane M. Harnek Hall, and Thomas Rhoads
Economics of Education Review, 2013, Volume 32, Page 49
[6]
John K. Iglehart and Benjamin D. Sommers
New England Journal of Medicine, 2015, Volume 372, Number 22, Page 2152
[7]
Janet Currie and Maya Rossin-Slater
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2015, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 208
[8]
Patrick Sharkey, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Ingrid Gould Ellen, and Johanna Lacoe
Sociological Science, 2014, Volume 1, Page 199
[9]
Christina Robinson and Nicole M. Coomer
Applied Economics Letters, 2014, Volume 21, Number 7, Page 459
[10]
Yuyu Chen and Ginger Zhe Jin
Journal of Health Economics, 2012, Volume 31, Number 1, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in