Skip to content
Publicly Available Published by De Gruyter December 16, 2011

Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XXIII. The NPU terminology, principles, and implementation: A user’s guide (IUPAC Technical Report)

  • Ulla Magdal Petersen , René Dybkær and Henrik Olesen

This document describes the application of the syntax, semantic rules, and format of the Nomenclature for Properties and Units (NPU) terminology for coded dedicated kinds-of-property in the various subject fields of the clinical laboratory sciences. The document sums up considerations and reasoning by the Committee and Subcommittee on Nomenclature for Properties and Units (C-SC-NPU) and collects the experience with the system through some eight years of application in electronic health communication. Access to the NPU terminology in English is currently at <www.labterm.dk>, via the English download files from the Danish Release Centre under the National Board of Health. Updates to the terminology are usually presented once a month.


Project Year: 2006, Project Code: 2006-012-1-700


References

1 10.1351/pac199567081563, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. I. Syntax and semantic rules (IUPAC-IFCC Recommendations 1995)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen. Pure Appl. Chem.67, 1563 (1995).Search in Google Scholar

2 10.1351/pac199769051015, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. II. Kinds-of-property (IUPAC Recommendations 1997)”. Prepared for publication by D. Kenny and H. Olesen. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 1015 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

3 10.1351/pac199769122577, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part III. Elements (of properties) and their code values (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1997)”. Prepared for publication by I. Bruunshuus, W. Frederiksen, H. Olesen, and I. Ibsen. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 2577 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

4 10.1351/pac199769122583, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part IV. Properties and their code values (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1997)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, D. Kenny, I. Bruunshuus, I. Ibsen, K. Jørgensen, R. Dybkær, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, G. Hill, P. Soares de Araujo, and C. McDonald. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 2583 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

5a ISTH–IUPAC–IFCC (International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis; International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. V. Properties and units in thrombosis and haemostasis (ISTH-IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1995)”. Prepared for publication by M. Blombäck, R. Dybkær, K. Jørgensen, H. Olesen, and S. Thorsen. Thrombosis Haemostasis71, 375 (1994).10.1055/s-0038-1642446Search in Google Scholar

5b 10.1351/pac199769051043, ISTH–IUPAC–IFCC. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 1043 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

5c ISTH–IUPAC–IFCC. Eur. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem.33, 637 (1995).Search in Google Scholar

5d ISTH–IUPAC–IFCC. Clin. Chim. Acta245, S23 (1996).10.1016/0009-8981(96)85129-1Search in Google Scholar

6a 10.1351/pac199769051081, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. VI. Properties and units in IOC prohibited drugs (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1997)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, D. Cowan, I. Bruunshuus, K. Klempel, and G. Hill. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 1081 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

6b IUPAC–IFCC. Eur. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem.35, 805 (1997).10.1515/cclm.1997.35.10.805Search in Google Scholar

6c IUPAC–IFCC. J. Chromatogr., B687, 157 (1996).Search in Google Scholar

7a 10.1351/pac200072040555, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part VIII. Properties and units in clinical microbiology (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1999)”. Prepared for publication by U. Forsum, H. Olesen, W. Frederiksen, and B. Persson. Pure Appl. Chem.72, 555 (2000).Search in Google Scholar

7b IUPAC–IFCC. eJIFCC12, 1 (2000).Search in Google Scholar

8a 10.1351/pac199769122593, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part IX. Properties and units in trace elements (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1997)”. Prepared for publication by R. Cornelis, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, I. Bruunshuus, and D. Templeton. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 2593 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

8b IUPAC–IFCC. Eur. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem.35, 833 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

9 10.1351/pac200072050747, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part X. Properties and units in general clinical chemistry (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1999)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, I. Ibsen, I. Bruunshuus, D. Kenny, R. Dybkær, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, G. Hill, P. Soares de Araujo, and C. McDonald. Pure Appl. Chem.72, 747 (2000).Search in Google Scholar

10 10.1351/pac199769122607, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XI. Coding systems – structure and guidelines (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1997)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, D. Kenny, R. Dybkær, I. Ibsen, I. Bruunshuus, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, G. Hill, P. Soares de Araujo, and C. McDonald. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 2607 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

11a 10.1351/pac200072030479, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XII. Properties and units in clinical pharmacology and toxicology (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1999)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, D. Cowan, R. de la Torre, I. Bruunshuus, M. Rohde, and D. Kenny. Pure Appl. Chem.72, 479 (2000).Search in Google Scholar

11b IUPAC–IFCC. eJIFCC12, 1 (2000).Search in Google Scholar

12a 10.1351/pac199769122621, IUPAC–ISA–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; International Society of Andrology; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XIII. Properties and units in reproduction and fertility (IUPAC Technical Report 1997; ISA–IFCC Recommendation 1997)”. Prepared for publication by H. Olesen, A. Giwercman, D. M. de Kretser, D. Mortimer, H. Oshima, and P. Troen. Pure Appl. Chem.69, 2621 (1997).Search in Google Scholar

12b IUPAC–ISA–IFCC. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.36, 57 (1998).10.1177/006947709803600108Search in Google Scholar

12c IUPAC–ISA–IFCC. Clin. Chim. Acta271–272, S5 (1998).Search in Google Scholar

13a 10.1351/pac200072061067, IUPAC–IFCC–AAAA&I (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units; and American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XVI. Properties and units in clinical allergology (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 1999)”. Prepared for publication by I. Bruunshuus, L. K. Poulsen, and H. Olesen. Pure Appl. Chem.72, 1067 (2000); (a) IUPAC–IFCC–AAAA&I. eJIFCC 2000; 12-1.Search in Google Scholar

14 10.1351/pac200476091799, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XVIII. Properties and units for clinical molecular biology (IUPAC Technical Report)”. Prepared for publication by P. Soares de Araujo, B. Zingales, P. Alia-Ramos, A. Blanco-Fonta, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, C. Mannhalter, S. Bojesen, I. Bruunshuus, and H. Olesen. Pure Appl. Chem.76, 1799 (2004).Search in Google Scholar

15 10.1351/pac200375101477, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical, Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XIX. Properties and units for transfusion medicine and immunohematology (IUPAC Technical Report)”. Prepared for publication by K. Varming, U. Forsum, I. Bruunshuus, and H. Olesen. Pure Appl. Chem.75, 1477 (2003).Search in Google Scholar

16 10.1351/pac200779010087, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences. Part XX. Properties and units in clinical and environmental human toxicology (IUPAC-IFCC Technical Report 2003)”. Prepared for publication by J. Duffus, I. Bruunshuus, R. Cornelis, R. Dybkær, M. Nordberg, and W. Kuelpmann. Pure Appl. Chem.79, 87 (2007).Search in Google Scholar

17 ISO/IEC (International Organization for Standardization; International Electrotechnical Commission). Information technology – General structure for the interchange of code values – Part 1: Identification of coding schemes, ISO/IEC 7826-1 (1994). (Withdrawn 2001).Search in Google Scholar

18 R. Dybkær, K. Jørgensen. Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry. Including Recommendation 1966 of Commission on Clinical Chemistry of IUPAC and IFCC. Munksgaard, København (1967).Search in Google Scholar

19 BIPM. International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (VIM), 3rd ed., Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Geneva (2008); <www.bipm.org/en/publications/ guides/vim.html>.Search in Google Scholar

20 ISO (International Organization for Standardization). Terminology work – Vocabulary – Part 1: Theory and application, ISO 1087-1:2000. ISO, Geneva (2000).Search in Google Scholar

21 ISO (International Organization for Standardization). Data elements and interchange formats – Information interchange – Representation of dates and times, ISO 8601:2004. ISO, Geneva (2004).Search in Google Scholar

22 ISO (International Organization for Standardization). Quantities and units – All parts of ISO 80000:2009, ISO, Geneva (2009).Search in Google Scholar

23 EN (European Standard). Healthcare informatics – Expression of results of measurements in health sciences, EN 12435:2006, CEN, Brussels (2006).Search in Google Scholar

24 EN (European Standard). Healthcare informatics – Structure for nomenclature, classification, and coding of properties in clinical laboratory sciences, EN1614:2006. CEN, Brussels (2006).Search in Google Scholar

25 IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). Compendium of Terminology and Nomenclature of Properties in Clinical Laboratory Sciences (Recommendations 1995) (the “Silver Book”). Prepared for publication by J. C. Rigg, S. S. Brown, R. Dybkær, and H. Olesen. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK (1995).Search in Google Scholar

26 10.1351/goldbook, IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/goldbook (2006–) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.Search in Google Scholar

27 IUPAC. Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 3rd ed. (the “Green Book”). Prepared for publication by E. R. Cohen, T. Cvitaš, J. G. Frey, B. Holmström, K. Kuchitsu, R. Marquardt, I. Mills, F. Pavese, M. Quack, J. Stohner, H. L. Strauss, M. Takami, and A. J. Thor, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2007). <http://media.iupac.org/publications/books/ gbook/IUPAC-GB3-2ndPrinting-Online-22apr2011.pdf>.Search in Google Scholar

28 R. Dybkær. An Ontology on Property – For Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, IUPAC (2009); <http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/978-87-990010-1-9>.10.1351/978-87-990010-1-9Search in Google Scholar

29 10.1515/CCLM.2010.325, IFCC–IUPAC (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry). G. Nordin, R. Dybkær, U. Forsum, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, G. Schadow, F. Pontet, on behalf of the IFCC-IUPAC Committee on Nomenclature, Properties, and Units (C-NPU). “An outline for a vocabulary of nominal properties and examinations – basic and general concepts and associated terms”, Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.48, 1553 (2010).Search in Google Scholar PubMed

30 10.1351/pac199163091307, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Nomenclature of derived quantities (Recommendations 1991)”. Prepared for publication by J. C. Rigg, B. F. Visser, and H. P. Lehmann. Pure Appl. Chem.63, 1307 (1991).Search in Google Scholar

31 10.1351/pac199264101569, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Quantities and units for metabolic processes as a function of time (IUPAC Recommendations 1992)”. Prepared for publication by G. Ferard. Pure Appl. Chem.64, 1569 (1992).Search in Google Scholar

32 10.1351/pac199668040957, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). “Glossary of terms in quantities and units in clinical chemistry (IUPAC–IFCC Recommendations 1996)”. Prepared for publication by H. P. Lehmann, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, and L. F. Bertello. Pure Appl. Chem.68, 957 (1996).Search in Google Scholar

33 BIPM Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. The International System of Units (SI), 8th ed., JCGM, BIPM Headquarters, Sévres, France (2006).Search in Google Scholar

34 10.1126/science.103.2684.677, S. S. Stevens. “On the theory of scales of measurement”, Science103, 677 (1946).Search in Google Scholar PubMed

35 S. S. Stevens. “Measurement, psychophysics, and utility”, in Definitions and Theories, C. W. Churchman, P. Ratoosh (Eds.), pp. 18–63, John Wiley, New York (1959).Search in Google Scholar

36 R. Dybkær, K. Jørgensen. “Measurement, value, and scale”, Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest.49, Suppl. 194, 69 (1989).Search in Google Scholar

37a 10.1351/pac199466040909, IUPAC–IFCC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Clinical Chemistry Division, Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry; and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry, Scientific Division, Committee on Quantities and Units). Prepared for publication by R. Dybkær and P. L. Storring. “Application of IUPAC–IFCC recommendations on quantities and units to WHO biological reference materials for diagnostic use”, Pure Appl. Chem.66, 909 (1994).Search in Google Scholar

37b IUPAC–IFCC. Chem. Int.16, 185 (1994).Search in Google Scholar

37c IUPAC–IFCC. JIFCC6, 101 (1994).Search in Google Scholar

37d IUPAC–IFCC. Eur. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem.33, 623 (1995).10.1515/cclm.1995.33.9.623Search in Google Scholar

38 NCCLS. Evaluation Methods and Analytical Performance Characteristics of Immunological Assays for Human Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Antibodies of Defined Allergen Specificities; Approved Guideline, NCCLS document, Vol. 16, No. 5 (I/LA20-A). NCCLS, Wayne, PA (1997).Search in Google Scholar

39 CLSI. Analytical Performance Characteristics and Clinical Utility of Immunological Assays for Human Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Antibodies and Defined Allergen Specificities; Approved Guideline, 2nd ed., CLSI document I/LA20-A2. CLSI, Wayne, PA (2009).Search in Google Scholar

40 10.1007/s004390100505, J. T. den Dunnen, S. E. Antonarakis. “Nomenclature for the description of human sequence variations”, Hum. Genet.109, 121 (2001).Search in Google Scholar PubMed

41 WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen and Semen-cervical Mucus Interaction, 1st ed., published on behalf of the World Health Organization by Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1987).Search in Google Scholar

42 The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, 8th ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford (1990).Search in Google Scholar

Online erschienen: 2011-12-16
Erschienen im Druck: 2011-12-16

© 2013 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 26.2.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1351/PAC-REP-11-05-03/html
Scroll to top button